Wanted in #MeToo: A Slew Of Good Men As Allies Against Patriarchy
Some weeks ago, I participated in an internationally-acclaimed conference attended by delegates from all over the world. The curator of the conference boasted that forty percent of the delegates were women. (I’m not sure what technicalities prevented full gender parity.) One of the side events was a panel on #MeToo, which I wanted to attend in part because I have been an active contributor to the #MeToo movement in academia and because the panel’s organisation intrigued me.
Allyship Requires Action
The dynamic of a white male moderating women’s experience and the male ventriloquation of African women’s voices disquieted me. While some of the observers shared my discomfiture, many more were sadly grateful that the two men were “allies.” However, actual allies do no appropriate, much less moderate our voices.
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After hearing me grouse about this panel and its other untoward sequelae which included being ushered out after explaining these problems, numerous men asked how they can be better allies.
First and foremost, exhibiting sympathy or empathy does not make you an ally. Allyship requires action. In the context of the afore-noted panel, had the gentlemen chosen to act as allies, they would have explained to the organisers that such roles are best executed by women. I can think of no intellectual defense for a male moderator on such a topic: women’s rage and experience are moderated by men every day. If you must speak on #MeToo, exposit how you’ve learned to fight the sexism rather than repeating your perception of what we endure.
What Male Allies Can Do To Mitigate Misogyny
The public sphere affords numerous opportunities for men to step up. Every day, men observe other men and boys who make our lives difficult. There is the rube who remarks upon our bodies, jokes about how we look or objectifies us, or engages in other demeaning behaviors that reduce our humanity to things that either please or displease the male gaze. They make crude remarks as we walk, run, or ride our bikes past them. They make crude comments to us or proposition us. They grab our bodies on buses, planes or on the street. These events render quotidian activities a gauntlet of predation.
There are myriad things in the work place that male allies can do irrespective of where they are in the food chain. First, take us seriously. Hire us. Pay us as you pay men for the same job. If there are no women working with you, ask why that is. Whether you are a manager or a co-worker, encourage your peers to take paternity leave. One of the reasons why women’s wages generally decline upon marriage and again upon childbirth is that employers assume we will assume the bulk of domestic production.
As An Ally, Call Out Harassment & Discrimination On The Job
Don’t cut us off and chide men who speak over us. Listen to us and our ideas. Don’t passively observe as men try to take credit for them. Every working woman has had the experience of putting forward ideas only to be met with silence followed by a male colleague voicing pretty much the same idea and being met with approval. When this happens, state clearly that your female colleague said it first. Don’t let ideas become important or valid only once they have been #HeSplained.
Research supports this claim. In 2014, Drury and Kaiser found that “relative to women who confront sexism, men who act as allies are evaluated more positively, while their confrontations are taken as more serious and legitimate efforts to combat sexism.”
How Misogyny Is Compounded
Remember, gender is only one kind of discrimination that women encounter. In the United States, gender operates along with other forms of bias such as racism, homophobia, and religious discrimination. Elsewhere, misogyny may be compounded by similar factors such as caste, ethnic as well as religion-based discrimination. Be attentive to these concerns.
Even perceived competence motivates bias against women: Inesi and Cable found that “competence signals as a threat to the traditional gender hierarchy, which leads to a negative bias when evaluating women’s on‐the‐job performance.”
Also, do not assume that female managers will fix problems with harassment and discrimination. It is an unfortunate fact that some women, viewing themselves as competitors for the meager crumbs of patriarchy, will undermine other women. One of the reasons why #MeToo took so long to effectuate is that women have long colluded with men. Men could not have disempowered women for the long durée of human civilization if women had not been complicit in perpetuating the power structures that harm women generally, while affording collaborators specific benefits.
Being an Ally Is Demanding, But Worth It
While some men feel threatened by women’s economic empowerment, our families and even our countries’ economies benefit when women have equal access to opportunities and outcomes. I helped my husband understand this concept by helping him build spreadsheets that calculate the net present value of my accumulated wage discrimination. I also explained to him that by marrying me, he endogenised these accruing economic disadvantages. Had he married another white male, he could retire many years earlier than he can by marrying me or any other woman.
There is also evidence that the humiliation of bigotry is mitigated when bystanders intervene. Such interventions signal that the person experiencing the biased behavior is not being “overly sensitive” or “imagining an offense” when there is none. In intervening, you are both witnessing and attesting to what we experience, while also helping to destabilize the sense of entitlement enjoyed by the perpetrator in the first place.
As women, we cannot eliminate the perduring impacts of patriarchy, rape culture and misogyny on our own. We need men who not only sympathise with our experiences, but who become our battle-buddies in a war we neither started nor wanted to fight in the first place, but which we cannot win without you.
(C. Christine Fair is the author of In Their Own Words: Understanding the Lashkar-e-Tayyaba (Hurst/OUP, 2018) and Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army’s Way of War (OUP, 2014).This is an opinion piece and the views expressed above are the author’s own. The Quint neither endorses nor is responsible for the same.)