Here’s Why India Isn’t Attending China’s One Belt One Road Summit

Unlike India, none of the other participants have sovereignty-related issues with One Belt and One Road initiative.

4 min read
Here’s Why India Isn’t Attending  China’s One Belt One Road Summit

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India on Saturday ruled out participation in China's mega ‘One Belt One Road’ summit in Beijing, citing its objections to the $46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, that passes through Pakistan-administered Kashmir.

“Guided by our principled position in the matter, we have been urging China to engage in a meaningful dialogue on its connectivity initiative, ‘One Belt, One Road' which was later renamed as ‘Belt and Road Initiative'. We are awaiting a positive response from the Chinese side,” India said in a statement a day ahead of the launch of the two-day summit.

This stands contrary to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi's announcement that India will have a representative at the Belt and Road Forum (BRF), a prestigious initiative of Chinese President Xi Jinping.


"Although Indian leader is not here, India will have a representative," Wang had told journalists on 17 April without specifying who would be representing India.

It was a tough call for India to take as China in the last few days has managed to rope in a number of western countries, including the US which on Friday agreed to send a top official after Washington clinched a lucrative trade deal.

Playing down India's absence at the meeting, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told the media on Friday that the Indian scholars would be attending the meeting.

(Photo: Russian Council)

Hectic Diplomatic Lobbying by China

Japan, at the receiving end of strong criticism from China in the last few years, particularly over the disputed islands in the East China Sea, has also agreed to send a high-level political delegation that includes a vice minister.

The 14-15 May summit, which is expected to strengthen Xi's power base as he gets set to begin his second five-year tenure later this year, will be attended by 29 heads of state and government, including Russian President Vladimir Putin.

A number of other countries, including South Korea, France, Germany and UK, have deputed either ministerial or official delegations.

While this is the outcome of hectic diplomatic lobbying by China, unlike India, none of the other countries have sovereignty related issues with the One Belt and One Road initiative.

Pakistan Leads the Largest Delegation

Considering CPEC's importance in the plan – it is the only project at present with prospects of delivering early results – Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is expected to take centre-stage to highlight its significance as a “game changer” for his country.

He is leading perhaps the largest delegation – four chief ministers and five federal ministers.

China-Pakistan Friendship Association President Sha Zukang has told the official media that China has already committed $46 billion Chinese investments for various energy and infrastructure related projects in Pakistan. Besides Sharif, the only head of government to be represented at the summit will be Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe, who will be attending the meeting after hosting his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi at home.

Sri Lanka has over $8 billion Chinese investments.

The shadow of a participant is seen on a map illustrating China’s “One Belt, One Road” mega-project at the Asian Financial Forum in Hong Kong, China on 18 January 2016. (Photo: Reuters)

India’s Decision Comes a Year After Bilateral Discord Over NSG

From Nepal, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Krishna Bahadur Mahara will lead the delegation. Bangladesh and the Maldives will also have official representations.

Bhutan has no diplomatic relations with China.

India’s decision to skip the meeting came after a year of bilateral discord over China’s stubborn opposition to India’s entry into the NSG and a UN ban against Pakistan-based terrorist group Jaish-e-Muhammad leader Masood Azhar.

China, too, protested India's decision to permit the Dalai Lama last month to visit Arunachal Pradesh, which Beijing claims as South Tibet.


In the last few days, China has tried to assuage India's feelings by asserting that the commercial corridor will not have any impact on its stand that the Kashmir issue should be settled by India and Pakistan through dialogue.

About B&R, Indian officials maintain that New Delhi has objections related only to the CPEC traversing through Gilgit and Baltistan of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) though the project is of strategic concern.

India's worries over a 3,000-km long project connecting Pakistan's deep-water port Gwadar and China's Xinjiang stem from the fact Gwadar, which was taken over by the Chinese, will become a future naval base.

The Gwadar port opposite the Mumbai port housing the Indian Navy's western naval command provides a berth for China in the Arabian Sea and to the Indian Ocean.

China has already announced plans to station its marines there as well in Djibouti in Horn of Africa in Indian Ocean.

(Published in an arrangement with PTI.)

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