1. First, What Is the SSC and What Does It Do?
To understand the ‘scam,’ we first need to know what the SSC is and what its functions are.
To the uninitiated, the Staff Selection Commission is an autonomous body falling under the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) that is tasked with conducting examinations for the recruitment of non-gazetted staff to Group ‘C’ (Class III) and Group ‘B’ posts in a number of central government ministries and departments as well as subordinate offices.
The SSC was established on 4 November 1975. It was first established as the Subordinate Services Commission and was later renamed the Staff Selection Commission on 26 September 1977. The commission constitutes a chairperson (currently Ashim Khurana), two members, and a secretary-cum-controller of examinations.
Among the posts the aspirants take the SSC exam for are lower division clerks, stenographers, central excise inspectors, income tax inspectors, and sub-inspectors working for the CBI and central police organisations.
While it conducts a number of examinations, the most significant one, which attracts the maximum number of aspirants as well, is the Combined Graduate Level (CGL) examination.
This, like various other exams which are conducted on a mammoth scale in India, takes place across several stage or tiers. The four tiers that are followed currently are: 1. Preliminary examination; 2. Main examination; 3. Descriptive paper, and 4. Computer proficiency test or skill test (which is applicable only for some posts).