MHA Report Passes Off Spain-Morocco Photo as Indo-Pak Border


This photo is actually that of the Spain-Morocco border, and not the Indo-Pak border. (Photo Courtesy: Javier Moyano)
This photo is actually that of the Spain-Morocco border, and not the Indo-Pak border. (Photo Courtesy: Javier Moyano)

MHA Report Passes Off Spain-Morocco Photo as Indo-Pak Border

(Update: The Ministry of Home Affairs has ordered an internal investigation into the matter. “If it’s a mistake by the ministry, we will apologise,” Home Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi told NDTV, adding that he had demanded an explanation from officials. Mehrishi has also asked the BSF to explain where it got the picture from, the report added.)

The headline was striking, the picture was spectacular and the achievement was presented as incredible.

Modi sarkaar ne border par jo kaam kiya hai vo dekhenge toh garv bhi hoga aur vah vah bhi karoge” (Translation: If you see the work done by Modi Govt on Indian border, you’ll be proud and highly appreciative), said the chest-thumping headline on Hindutva – a right-wing leaning website. As the headline promised, the article presented a spectacular photograph for the readers to feel proud of the 647 km of floodlighting that Modi Sarkar had accomplished on the border.

(Photo Courtesy: Screenshot/<a href="http://hindutva.info/modi-govt-did-good-job-for-nation/">hindutva.info</a>)
(Photo Courtesy: Screenshot/hindutva.info)

The Incredibly Misplaced Picture

I was struck by the beauty of the picture. It was indeed an “adbhud tasveer” (incredible picture) as the website had said. However, there was only one slight problem with it. The landscape didn’t look like an Indian border and at a short distance away, you could even see the sea.

The image aside, I had a nagging question in my mind about the status of floodlights on the border before 2014. Was nothing achieved before 2014 which makes this a unique achievement? So I decided to dig deeper.

It turned out that barring some confusion about whether this was a one-year or three-year achievement, the information reported was accurate and was also shared at a recent press release that highlighted the achievements and initiatives of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) in the last three years.

Installation of floodlights along 647 km stretch of the border to check infiltration attempts was one of the many achievements listed in the release. The floodlights along the border were also reported in NDTV and Indian Express.

Though the MHA press release mentioned it as a three-year achievement, both publications quoted a MHA official and called it a one-year achievement. From both headlines and stories, it again appeared to be a first-of-its-kind achievement as there was no mention of the past status of border floodlighting.

I decided to check the original source, which is the MHA annual report, and found the data I was looking for. I also came across the same photograph that had earlier caught my eye with the title, “Floodlighting along the border” on page 45 of the annual report.

Screenshot from the MHA Annual report.
Screenshot from the MHA Annual report.

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How Did a Spain-Morocco Picture Find its Way into an Home Ministry Indo-Pak Border Report?

If the MHA says it is floodlighting along our border, then it must be correct. I thought it was silly of me to be always so suspicious of sites like Hindutva. But somehow the picture continued to bother me, particularly the water body in it. So I decided to research it further.

To my utter shock, I found that the picture is actually that of the Spain-Morocco border. Spain and Morocco have a sea between them but there are Spanish enclaves on the north coast of Africa that have a fenced and floodlit border with Morocco. The picture was taken in 2006 by a Spanish photographer, Javier Moyano.
(Photo Courtesy: Javier Moyano)
(Photo Courtesy: Javier Moyano)

It is not unusual to find fake pictures on propaganda websites and Whatsapp forwards but to find it on a MHA annual report is beyond shocking and completely unacceptable.

The photograph was also used by another propaganda website – The Fearless Indian. Incidentally, the first reference of this photograph being of the India-Pakistan border by an Indian media organisation was by Dainik Bhaskar in 2016.

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Publications Distorting Achievements

Coming to the details for which I had gone to the MHA site: The data is clear and transparent but no publication bothered to highlight facts while reporting the achievement of floodlighting along the border. As per the MHA, floodlighting of the border started in 2003. The MHA annual report of 2013-14 states that “the entire stretch of the Indo-Pakistan border has been completed except for a small part of pending work in the Gujarat sector of Indo-Pak border”.

While the India-Pakistan border was nearly fully floodlit in 2013, only 1,763 km out of the sanctioned 2,840 km (62 percent) of the India-Bangladesh border was floodlit at the end of 2013. Out of the 647 km floodlit in the three years by Modi Sarkar, around 45 km was on the India-Pakistan border and the balance was on the India-Bangladesh border. Around 496 km of the sanctioned length of India-Bangladesh border still remains to be floodlit.

India-Pakistan border as captured from space by Nasa. (Photo: Reuters)
India-Pakistan border as captured from space by Nasa. (Photo: Reuters)

The fact that floodlighting of the India-Pakistan border was nearly complete even by 2011 can also be seen from the space in this famous 2011 photograph of the border by NASA. Around 1,861 km of the border had already been floodlit when the picture was taken.

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When genuine pictures of our border are available, what is the need for MHA to lift pictures from other countries? Apart from it being misleading, was any consideration given to copyright issues? Such ‘fakery’ is expected from fake news and propaganda sites but if official reports of the government also start using fake pictures to illustrate their achievements, how do we tell the difference?

(This is an opinion piece and the views expressed above are the author’s own. The Quint neither endorses nor is responsible for the same.)

(This original article was published on Alt News.)

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