No Demand for Rs 1,000, Rs 10,000 & Rs 1,00,000 Electoral Bonds
The electoral bonds were first announced in the 2017-18 budget and the scheme was subsequently notified in January 2018. Factly had earlier written about the bonds, their impact on transparency, etc.
Data obtained from the State Bank of India (SBI), the authorised bank to issue electoral bonds, suggests that electoral bonds of lower denominations like Rs 1000, Rs 10,000 and Rs 1,00,000 are not in much demand. Close to 97 percent of all the bonds purchased so far are in denomination of Rs 10,00,000 and Rs 1 crore.
Not a Single Bond Purchased in 6 Cities/Branches
The scheme was open for 9 days each in March and April. In March, it was open only in four (4) branches across the country (Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai and New Delhi). In April, the scheme was extended to seven (7) other branches taking the total number of branches to eleven (11).
The seven other branches were Bangalore, Gandhinagar, Chandigarh, Bhopal, Jaipur, Lucknow and Jaipur.
Not a single bond was bought in other six branches during April.
72% of the Total Bonds (In Amount) Purchased from Mumbai & Kolkata
A total of 520 bonds of Rs 222 crore in value were sold in March, whereas in April, only 256 bonds of Rs 114.9 crore in value were sold. On the whole, 776 bonds of Rs 336.9 crore in value were sold in the two months of March and April.
In terms of the amount, bonds worth Rs 173 crore were sold in Mumbai followed by Rs 70 crore in Kolkata. New Delhi accounted for Rs 63 crore of the bonds sold while Chennai accounted for Rs 18 crore. Bonds worth Rs 12.9 crore were sold in Bangalore branch, which was included only in April.
Mumbai accounted for more than 50 percent of the bonds sold (in terms of amount). Together with Kolkata, it accounted for more than 72 percent of the bonds sold in terms of amount and close to 75 percent of the total number of bonds sold.
99.9% of Bonds Sold (In Terms of Amount) Were in Denomination of Rs 10 Lakh & Rs 1 Crore
The data reveals that the bonds of lower denomination are hardly in demand, an indication that citizens may not be buying them. Together, the denominations of Rs 1000, Rs 10000 and Rs lakh bonds accounted for only 3.5 percent of all the bonds sold during this period while the remaining 96.5 percent of the bonds sold were of Rs 10 lakh and Rs 1 crore denomination.
It is highly likely that the Rs 10 lakh and Rs 1 crore denomination are bought by corporates than individuals. In terms of amount, 99.97 percent of the bonds sold were of Rs 10 lakh and Rs 1 crore denomination.
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