1. How Does Delhi Work?
Post-independence, the States Reorganization Act, 1956 created the Union Territory of Delhi which was governed by a Lieutenant Governor who was answerable to the President of India, who acted on the advice of the Central government.
In 1966, the Delhi Administration Act brought the Delhi Metropolitan Council into existence. This Delhi Metropolitan Council consisted of 56 elected and five nominated members, headed by the Lieutenant Governor. This Council had no legislative powers and played only an advisory role in the government of Delhi.
However, in 1991, through the Constitution (69th Amendment) Act, this Advisory Council was replaced by a full-fledged Legislative Assembly and Delhi became a Special Union Territory and came to be known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi. What stayed unchanged, was the role of the Lieutenant Governor who’s appointed by the President on the advise of the Centre. As a result, Delhi’s elected legislative assembly and its Chief Minister need the approval of the Lieutenant Governor to perform other administrative functions, like transferring bureaucrats, passing laws etc.
As per the Constitutional provisions, the Delhi Government has no control over the city’s three primary bodies, which fall under the Reserved Subjects list.
- The Delhi Development Authority (DDA), responsible for housing, infrastructure and commercial and leisure facilities.
- The Delhi Police is designated under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
- The trifurcated Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is an autonomous body that provides civic services to the North, South and East divisions of the city. In April 2017, the Bharatiya Janata Party won the highest number of seats in each of the three corporations. This was the BJP’s fourth consecutive victory and it has been running the MCD for twelve years now.
The Delhi government has complete control over the Pubic Works Department, Delhi Jal Board, Ministry of Power, Health and Sanitation, and Transport and Education.