‘Let Search Warrant be Executed’: Court Disposes Pracha’s Plea

The police are allowed to seize his computer in ‘accordance with law and subject to safeguards of expert opinion.’

4 min read
‘Let Search Warrant be Executed’: Court Disposes Pracha’s Plea

Calling the objections raised by Delhi-based lawyer Mehmood Pracha ‘baseless’, Delhi’s Patiala House Court allowed Delhi Police to execute the search warrant issued against him on 25 March.

The search warrant had been issued on 4 March, Pracha had approached the court on 9 March after ‘about 100 police officials came to his office to seize his computer.’ The court had placed a stay on the warrant as long as the matter was being heard. With the court disposing of the plea on 25 March, the 4 March search warrant has become operational again. This means the police are allowed to seize his computer, in a manner, as the order details, that is in ‘accordance with law and subject to the safeguards as per expert opinion.’

The search warrant states, “This is to authorise and require the investigating officer of this case to search and seize the computer having primary evidence/document which was identified on the previous search which is present at the office premises of Mr Mehmood Pracha.”

Reacting to the order, Pracha said, “We are approaching the sessions court in Patiala House Court today (26 March). The three main grounds we will raise are, that firstly the search warrant issued on 4 March was done so illegally. Secondly, the judge has negated his own findings of protecting client-attorney privilege that he mentioned in his previous order. Thirdly, the issue of whether the previous warrant was executed properly or satisfied or not, is still pending in court. Next hearing for which is on 5 April.”

IO Submits Expert Opinion, Says ‘Target Data’ Can be Taken Without Creating Evidential Vulnerabilities

The reply filed by the IO addresses Pracha’s concerns protection of the data of his clients.

According to this expert opinion, “target data”, that the police are after, can be retrieved without interfering with other data in the system. For this, the computer system/hard disk will be submitted in FSL for examination purposes with full details of the required target data, which includes the file name, file path, location, etc. All this, according to expert opinion, can be done without creating any evidential vulnerabilities as the data will be retrieved forensically.

The order read: “The collection of evidence is intrinsic to the investigation and hands of the investigators cannot be tied to prevent them from collecting evidence. The collection of data from its source is done to ensure its admissibility during the trial and it is imperative for the IO to collect best form of evidence as per its own discretion.”

Court Says, Accused Can Not Dictate How Evidence Will be Collected

In the application moved by Pracha on 9 March, he had given his consent to furnish data through pendrive or through the production of the computer.

The court says that it cannot interfere when IO feels that the target data must be taken from the source, nor can the accused dictate how evidence is to be collected if it’s established that other data will be protected.

Referring to Section 126 of Indian Evidence Ac and Bar Council Conduct Rules, the court says the reference is misplaced as the same envisages the voluntary sharing of data by the attorney or deposing against the client.

Section 126 of Evidence Act states: No attorney shall at any time be permitted, unless with his client’s express consent, to disclose any communication made to him in the course and for the purpose of his employment as such attorney.

The court order that this situation is different. “In this matter, the data to be collected by the police is on account of investigation in a criminal case. The plea of non-sharing of data of other clients is there, the court order states, ‘beyond the scope of Section 126 of Indian Evidence Act’.

The order states that the accused cannot ‘dictate the IO about the mode and manner for collection of evidence in an investigation’.  It goes on to conclude, “The objections raised by the applicant are therefore baseless. Let the search warrant be executed in accordance with law and subject to the safeguards as per expert opinion. The applications stands disposed off.”

What is This Case About?

In a press note issued by Deputy Commissioner of Police from Delhi Police Special Cell Manishi Chandra after the first raid in December last year, details of the searches conducted at advocate Mehmood Pracha’s office were revealed. The allegation against Pracha under FIR 212/2020 dated 22 August is regarding him creating a concocted/fabricated complaint for a victim of the northeast Delhi riots.

The victim is called Irshad Ali, who was allegedly made to depose falsely in front of the court. “These findings were supported by the witnesses of this case who had recorded their testimonies under Section 164 of CrPC before the concerned Hon’ble Courts,” the report read.

Ali, whose shop was allegedly burnt and looted during the northeast Delhi riots, told the court that he could not identify the accused named in his complaint as he did not know who the people were. This happened in August 2020, after which the additional sessions judge Vinod Yadav directed the police to investigate the allegations, pass appropriate directions, and requested the Delhi Commissioner of Police to look into the matter.

In the police report from August 2020, the police had explained that, "During the investigation, he (Ali) was enquired about the names of Deepak, Navneet, and Mintu, as mentioned in his complaint. He said that he knows them by their names and does not know anything about them personally. He also stated that he does not identify the accused persons in the video."

PTI reported how the police report included Ali’s brother, Dilshad's statement as well. Dilshad had said they both were home when they got the call about the shop being looted and hence had not seen anyone looting their shop, contrary to the complaint submitted in his brother’s name.

Pracha had said he was willing to risk self implication to protect the interest of other clients, “They want my computer, which I am not willing to give. Giving the entire computer will compromise the information of other clients whose life could be at stake. That is why, today I am making an offer and risking self implication in this matter by accepting that the statement in question was prepared at my office, using my computer, and sent using my office computer. I am willing to accept that to protect the interest of other clients which will be exposed if my computer is seized.”

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