Will GST Sound the Death Knell for Lucknow’s Chikan Industry?

Under GST, sales of chikan work below Rs 1,000 will attract a tax of 5%, and sale above that will attract 12% levy.

3 min read
Will GST Sound the Death Knell for Lucknow’s Chikan Industry?

There is uncertainty in the chikankari industry, that provides employment to some half-a-million people, due to the rollout of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). Many stakeholders feel the new tax regime has rung the death knell for the "already struggling" craft.

Chikankari made its way to India from Persia, with Mughal emperor Shahjahan's wife Nur Jahan, who introduced it in the 15th century. Delhi was the hub of chikankari in the Mughal era, with the last of the royals, Bahadur Shah Zafar, promoting it and making it a bread-winner for millions. The demise of the empire saw the hub shifting to Lucknow.


How Will GST Affect Chikankari Industry?

Industry insiders say that the big ticket trade in chikan would be badly hit by the levy of GST on their products, while small timers are at their wits' end trying to figure out how to tackle the new regime as they already have soaring costs and very little returns.

There was a proposal to tax the chikan industry way back in 2003 by then Finance Minister Jaswant Singh but he was ticked off by his boss, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who represented Lucknow in the Lok Sabha. Vajpayee had said then that chikan work was reflective of the rich heritage and culture of the land of Avadh and should be kept out of the tax ambit.

Fourteen years later, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has thought otherwise, bringing chikan work under GST. Now, any sale below Rs 1,000will attract a tax of five percent while any sale above that will attract a 12 percent levy.

Traders and artisans are still unable to absorb the shock and are opening shops with black ribbons tied to their arms as a mark of protest.

More than 10,000 traders are involved in the business of chikankari, most of them in the Chowk area of the old city. More than 5,50,000 skilled and unskilled workers are involved in taking forward the rich handicraft tradition, which has not only found takers in the domestic market but has takers globally.

“What do we do now,” asked Salim, one of the small-time traders in Chowk, who told IANS that if this was what was in offing they will soon be forced to shut shop. The costs, he rued, were already high and now the GST was set to “throw them off balance”.

Mahatv Tandon, one of the big players in the market and proud supporter of the ruling BJP, is now no longer a party bhakt. He decried the new tax and said that for the chikan industry, which was already struggling to survive, GST is "very bad news".


Over 1 Lakh Families Involved in the Trade

People in the 70 villages where more than 160,000 families are involved in the trade – about 80 per cent of them women – want the tax to be reversed. Munni, one of the women involved in chikan work, said she would request Prime Minister Narendra Modi and local MP Rajnath Singh, India's Home Minister, to "reconsider this maut ka farman" (order of death).

A senior office-bearer of the Chikan Traders Association, Suresh Chablani, pointed out the several practical problems that the trade was set to face under GST. Chablani fumed:

The entire process from purchase of cloth to cutting, printing, stitching, embroidery, starching and packaging involves a lot of people who are illiterate... how does the Modi government expect them to maintain books and keep records? This is just rubbish.

Jitendra Rastogi, one of the old-timers in the trade whose family has been in the business for over 50 years, is equally circumspect. Consider chikan history if nothing is done to reverse the GST on the industry, he warned, adding that Chinese chikan made on machines was already a big challenge to the handmade work.

Well-Planned Strategy of the Govt

He contended:

I guess it is a well-planned strategy of the government to finish hand-made chikan.

Traders have petitioned state Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath , state Finance Minister Rajesh Agarwal, the GST Council and other stakeholders, but there has been no response so far.

Chikan incorporates approximately 36 different stitching techniques that in modern times are often combined with embellishments such as pearls and mirrors.

Though traditionally it was done on muslin, with white thread on white fabric, today it can be seen on various fabrics and colours, popularly pastels. From being a part of rich history to becoming history itself, chikan workers are now mulling various options to give teeth to their protests until their demands are heard.

(Mohit Dubey can be contacted at This story was first published on IANS, and has been republished with permission.)

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