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Bhima Koregaon: SC Issues Notice To NIA on Varavara Rao's Plea for Medical Bail

Supreme Court on 12 July had extended Varavara Rao's interim protection till further orders.

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Bhima Koregaon: SC Issues Notice To NIA on Varavara Rao's Plea for Medical Bail
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The Supreme Court on Tuesday, 19 July, sought response from the National Investigation Agency (NIA) on a plea filed by Bhima Koregaon case accused, P Varavara Rao, seeking permanent bail on medical grounds.

A bench headed by Justice UU Lalit issued notice on the plea, and said it would be heard on 10 August.

The top court observed that the interim protection granted to Rao would continue.

The apex court had earlier on 12 July extended Rao's interim protection till further orders.

The 83-year-old, who has challenged the Bombay High Court's 13 April order rejecting his plea for permanent bail on medical grounds, is currently on interim bail on medical grounds and he was to surrender on 12 July.

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What Happened at the Hearing?

When the matter came up for hearing on Tuesday, the apex court asked Additional Solicitor General (ASG) SV Raju that if he wishes to file something, the court would grant him time.

"We have not formally issued notice. In case you are agreeable, then we will go to the final hearing and in case you wish to put in something, we will grant you time,” the bench, also comprising Justices SR Bhat and Sudhanshu Dhulia, said.

The bench observed that in a matter like this where only the medical condition is the issue, it is not something which would require extensive hearing.

The ASG said he wanted time to file something in the matter.

He said Rao is already protected and is out on bail.

"Considering the nature of controversy involved in the matter, it is put to the counsel for the parties that the matter shall be disposed of on the next occasion," the bench said.

"Since we have not issued any formal notice in the matter, notice is hereby issued returnable on 10 August," it said.

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The bench said in case any other paper or material is to be placed on record, the same be done on or before 2 August and rejoinder, if any, be filed on or before 8 August.

The Bhima Koregaon Case

The case relates to alleged inflammatory speeches made at the Elgar Parishad conclave held in Pune on 31 December 2017, which the police claimed triggered violence the next day near the Koregaon-Bhima war memorial on the outskirts of the western Maharashtra city.

The Pune Police had also claimed that the conclave was organised by people with alleged Maoist links. The NIA later took over the probe in the matter.

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Plea Challenging High Court's Order

In his plea filed against the 13 April order of the high court, Rao has said, "The petitioner is an 83-year-old renowned Telugu poet and orator, who has undergone over two years of incarceration as an under-trial." The plea submitted that "any further incarceration would ring the death knell for him as advancing age and deteriorating health are a fatal combination".

It said Rao had challenged the high court order as he was not granted an extension of bail despite his age and precarious health condition, and his prayer to shift to Hyderabad was also denied.

Rao was arrested on 28 August 2018 from his Hyderabad residence and is an under-trial in the case for which an FIR was lodged by Pune police on 8 January 2018 under various sections of the Indian Penal Code and the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.

Initially, Rao said he was put under house arrest following an order of the apex court. On 17 November 2018, he was taken into police custody and later shifted to the Taloja jail in Navi Mumbai.

On 22 February 2021, the Bombay High Court granted him interim bail on medical grounds and he was released from jail on 6 March 2021.

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Giving extensive details of his health condition, including his sufferings in jail, Rao had said the high court order dated 22 February 2021 had contemplated that the petitioner could be on medical bail for an extended period and even permanently on medical grounds, depending on his condition supported by medical examination reports.

"The judges in the impugned judgement and order committed a serious error in proceeding on the footing that because the earlier order had granted bail for a limited period of time, namely six months, it (the earlier bench) was not prepared to grant the bail for an unlimited period of time," the plea had said.

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It added that after being granted bail, the petitioner's health had deteriorated and he had developed an umbilical hernia for which he had to undergo surgery.

He needs to be operated for cataract in both eyes, which he has not undertaken as the cost is prohibitive in Mumbai, the plea said, adding the petitioner has also been suffering from neurological problems.

"It is submitted that in the totality of circumstances, the trial will take not less than 10 years. In fact, one of the accused in the case, Father Stan Swamy, who was suffering from similar ailments as the petitioner, passed away even before the trial could start," it said.

The high court rejected the plea but extended the time for the activist to surrender before the Taloja prison authorities by three months to enable him to undergo cataract surgery.

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