#LetsTalkSex: What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

Sexually transmitted diseases are mainly spread by sexual contact, including oral, vaginal or anal sex.

2 min read
#LetsTalkSex: What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

The Quint DAILY

For impactful stories you just can’t miss

By subscribing you agree to our Privacy Policy

Sexually transmitted diseases/infections (STDs/STIs) are more common than we think and very serious yet treatable illnesses, but because talking about sex is taboo, only one-third of all detected cases of STDs are treated.

As per a recent World Health Organisation report, the “total estimated burden of STDs was 376.4 million in 2016. There were 127 million new cases of chlamydia, 87 million cases of gonorrhoea, 6.3 million of syphilis and 156 million of trichomoniasis.”

So statistically, one in every 25 people in the world has at least one STD while some have more than one.

More than just the stigma, it is the ignorance about STDs, even among the educated, that has led to an increase in infections, especially in urban India.


What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

As the name suggests, sexually transmitted diseases are mainly spread by sexual contact, including oral, vaginal or anal sex. But many STDs like syphilis, hepatitis B, HIV can also be transmitted from a mother to her child during pregnancy and childbirth.

The chances of having an STI increase if you’ve recently found a new sexual partner, have not always used condoms, have had more than one sexual partner in the last year, are a man who has sex with men or have previously had an STI.

Here’s a comprehensive guide on understanding STDs:

All you need to know about STDs.
(Photo: Erum Gour/ FIT)

Doctors recommend that men and women get at STD test at least once a year, with women getting an addition Pap test once every three years.

As of 31st August 2016 across India, there were 20,756 Integrated Counselling and Testing Centres (ICTC), mainly located in government hospitals that conducted extensive tests for STDs and HIV-AIDS along with one-to-one, confidential counselling at affordable costs.

(This story was auto-published from a syndicated feed. No part of the story has been edited by The Quint.)

(The Quint is available on Telegram. For handpicked stories every day, subscribe to us on Telegram)

We'll get through this! Meanwhile, here's all you need to know about the Coronavirus outbreak to keep yourself safe, informed, and updated.

Liked this story? We'll send you more. Subscribe to The Quint's newsletter and get selected stories delivered to your inbox every day. Click to get started.

The Quint is available on Telegram & WhatsApp too, click to join.

Read and Breaking News at the Quint, browse for more from fit

Speaking truth to power requires allies like you.
Become a Member
3 months
12 months
12 months
Check Member Benefits
Read More
Stay Updated

Subscribe To Our Daily Newsletter And Get News Delivered Straight To Your Inbox.

Join over 120,000 subscribers!
More News