On Friday, 20 July 2018, the Modi government won the vote of confidence after 325 MPs voted in favour of the government while 126 MPs voted against it. With 451 MPs present in the lower House of the Parliament, the majority mark was 226 which the government comfortably reached.
But what does this vote of confidence mean and why is it needed?
According to the rules of the Indian Parliament, a government must always have majority support in the Lok Sabha in order to remain in power. This means that the government must demonstrate its strength on the floor of the House. If a member of the House feels that the government does not enjoy this majority, then they can move a ‘no-confidence’ motion. If the motion is accepted, then the onus is on the government to defeat the motion in order to prove its majority.
If it is passed by the House, then the council of ministers has to resign. Conversely, the prime minister can also move a ‘confidence’ motion in order to prove the strength of the government in the Lok Sabha.
As per Rule 198 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha, any member of the house can move a no-confidence motion.
The member has to give a written notice of the motion by 10 am to the Secretary General of the Lok Sabha on any day of sitting. If a notice is received after 10 am, then it considered as being received on the next day of sitting.
The member does not need give a reason for moving a no-confidence motion.