MGR: Three Letters That Stood for ‘Superstar’ and ‘Charisma’

MGR: Three Letters That Stood for ‘Superstar’ and ‘Charisma’

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(This article was first published on 16 January 2017 and has been reposted from The Quint’s archives to mark the birth anniversary of MGR.)

MGR – the charismatic film superstar and beloved Tamil Nadu CM – was born a 100 years ago.

Maruthur Gopala Ramachandran was a little boy when he lost his father Maradhur Gopala Menon in that far-off land of tea-plantations, a country he could not call his own. So his widowed mother Satyabhama brought her sons to India. But schooling and playtime were not 'affordable luxuries'. So he began acting in plays.

MGR as a student.  (Photo Courtesy: <a href="http://actorschildhoodphotos.blogspot.in/2015/07/mgr-childhood-photos.html">Twitter</a>)
MGR as a student. (Photo Courtesy: Twitter)

After a few years in theatre, he made his film debut in the 1936 film Sathi Leelavathi in a supporting role.

MGR’s Assembly card. (Photo Courtesy:<a href="http://Ticket to the Assembly. (Photo: Twitter)"> Twitter</a>)
MGR’s Assembly card. (Photo Courtesy: Twitter)

Incidentally, MR Radha, who played the hero in that film, later made an attempt on MGR’s life on 12 October 1967.

 MGR, wearing a neck cast in his hospital bed, signs his nomination papers for the St Thomas Mount constituency. (Photo Courtesy:<a href="http://peopleofindia1868-1875photos.blogspot.in/2011/09/posted-by-beyondet.html"> Blogspot</a>)
MGR, wearing a neck cast in his hospital bed, signs his nomination papers for the St Thomas Mount constituency. (Photo Courtesy: Blogspot)

That gun shot had created so much of political drama that DMK member MGR filed his nomination for the Assembly elections from his hospital bed and won.

M Karunanidhi, who went to serve as Tamil Nadu CM, was his colleague in the Tamil film industry and a fellow member of CN Annadurai’s DMK. In fact, Karunanidhis’ script for a 1950 film Manthiri Kumari played a key role in MGR becoming a superstar.

Poster of film Manthiri Kumari that made MGR a hero and  was scripted by M Karunanidhi. (Photo courtesy:<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manthiri_Kumari#/media/File:Manthiri_kumari1950.jpg"> Wikipedia</a>)
Poster of film Manthiri Kumari that made MGR a hero and was scripted by M Karunanidhi. (Photo courtesy: Wikipedia)

However, in 1972, after Annadurai’s death, M Karunanidhi expelled MGR from the DMK. The superstar went on to found the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK), later renamed the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), the only potent rival to the DMK.

MGR stormed to power in 1977 and went on to serve as the state’s CM and the people’s Puratchi Thalaivar (revolutionary leader) till his death ten years later.

M Karunanidhi and MGR. (Photo: <a href="https://twitter.com/dinamalarcinema/status/820983871281963014">Dinalamalar)</a>
M Karunanidhi and MGR. (Photo: Dinalamalar)

In 1982, when MGR was CM, he invited his former co-star J Jayalalithaa to join the AIADMK. The two had starred in 28 films and shared a crackling screen chemistry. Now, their political relationship as mentor-protege too took off famously.

MGR and Jayalalithaa starred in 28 films together. (Photo: <a href="https://twitter.com/Nettv4uTamil/status/817838796423200768">Twitter)</a>
MGR and Jayalalithaa starred in 28 films together. (Photo: Twitter)

On 24 December 1987, MGR passed away, plunging his legions of ardent supporters in grief and shock. His death also sparked fierce riots that raged for weeks.

A bitter succession battle also erupted. There simply was no second rung of leadership in AIADMK. Initially, his wife VN Janaki made winning strides, But eventually it was Jayalalithaa who inherited MGR’s political mantle. And she went on to helm both the party and the state, fashioning herself as the Puratchi Thalaivi (revolutionary leader) after her iconic mentor.

Jayalalithaa standing near MGR’s body lying in state. (Photo: <a href="http://MGR’s body lies in state at Rajaji Hall in Chennai. Jayalalithaa can be seen standing beside his body. (Photo: kmhouseindia blogspot)">Twitter)</a>
Jayalalithaa standing near MGR’s body lying in state. (Photo: Twitter)

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