US Holds Myanmar Military Leaders Accountable in Rohingya Crisis
Forty-three US lawmakers urged the Trump administration to reimpose US travel bans on Myanmar’s military leaders
US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said on Wednesday, 18 October, the United States held Myanmar's military leadership responsible for its harsh crackdown on the Rohingya Muslim minority.
Tillerson, however, stopped short of saying whether the United States would take any action against Myanmar's military leaders over an offensive that has driven more than 5,00,000 Rohingya Muslims out of the country.
Washington has worked hard to establish close ties with Myanmar's civilian-led government, headed by Nobel laureate and former dissident Aung San Suu Kyi, in the face of competition from strategic rival China.
"The world can't just stand idly by and be witness to the atrocities that are being reported in the area," Tillerson told Washington's Center for Strategic and International Studies think tank.
"We really hold the military leadership accountable for what's happening," said Tillerson, who said the United States was "extraordinarily concerned" by the situation.
Forty-three US lawmakers urged the Trump administration to reimpose US travel bans on Myanmar's military leaders and prepare targeted sanctions against those responsible for the crackdown.
The request, in a letter to Tillerson from Republican and Democratic members of the House of Representatives, said Myanmar authorities “appear to be in denial of what has happened” and called for Washington to take “meaningful steps” against those who have committed human rights abuses.
Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar in large numbers since late August when Rohingya insurgent attacks sparked a ferocious military response, with the fleeing people accusing security forces of arson, killings, and rape.
Tillerson said Washington understood Myanmar had a militancy problem, but the military had to be disciplined and restrained in the way it dealt with this and to allow access to the region "so that we can get a full accounting of the circumstances."
"Someone, if these reports are true, is going to be held to account for that," Tillerson said. "And it’s up to the military leadership of Burma to decide what direction they want to play in the future of Burma."
Tillerson said Washington saw Myanmar, which is also known as Burma, as "an important emerging democracy," but the Rohingya crisis was a test for the power-sharing government.
He said the United States would remain engaged, including ultimately at the United Nations, "with the direction this takes."
The European Union and the United States have been considering targeted sanctions against Myanmar's military leadership.
(This article has been shortened for length.)
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