PM Modi Urges China to Exercise Restraint as Trump Handover Nears

Increase in military power, resources and wealth in the Asia-Pacific has raised the stakes of security, said Modi.

2 min read
Prime Minister Narendra Modi. (Photo: Reuters)

Growing military ambitions in the Asia-Pacific are creating security risks, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Tuesday in a coded message to China to exercise strategic restraint.

Although couched in diplomatic language and not mentioning China by name, PM Modi's remarks in a keynote foreign policy speech aligned New Delhi with US President-elect Donald Trump's intent to curb Beijing's regional clout.

"Rising ambition and rivalries are generally-visible stress points," Modi told an audience of politicians and top military brass from 65 nations at a security conference in New Delhi.

The steady increase in military power, resources and wealth in the Asia-Pacific has raised the stakes of security.

The US Republican has, since his shock election victory in November over Democrat Hillary Clinton, called into question the "One China" policy that Washington has adhered to for decades.

His pick for Secretary of State, former Exxon Mobil CEO Rex Tillerson, also told a confirmation hearing that Beijing's militarisation of reclaimed islands in the disputed waters of the South China Sea must be stopped.

That is music to the ears of the foreign policy establishment in India, as are Trump’s tentative – albeit in Washington controversial – overtures towards Russia’s President Vladimir Putin, whom Modi on Tuesday called “an abiding friend”.

Emerging India

PM Modi was addressing the second annual Raisina Dialogue, a geopolitical gathering in New Delhi sponsored by India's Foreign Ministry and the Observer Research Foundation, a think tank, that is competing for attention with the higher-profile World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

Speaking in Davos, Chinese President Xi Jinping avoided mention of Trump and instead mounted a vigorous defence of free trade that the American president-elect has vowed to roll back to protect US jobs.

Modi called for a rules-based security architecture in the Asia-Pacific that is “open, transparent, balanced and inclusive, and promote(s) dialogue and predictable behaviour rooted in international norms and respect for sovereignty.”

That reflects not only India's concerns about the South China Sea, but fears that Beijing is threading a "string of pearls" in the Indian Ocean theatre by building strategic ports in countries like Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Djibouti on the eastern coast of Africa.

(With inputs from Reuters)

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