Marvel Legend, Spider-Man Creator Stan Lee Passes Away at 95

Spider-Man, the Incredible Hulk & X-Men were among the Lee creations that became stars of blockbuster films.

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 In this 9  May 1988 photo, comics impresario Stan Lee, centre, poses with Lou Ferrigno, right, and Eric Kramer, who portray ‘The Incredible Hulk’ and ‘Thor’, respectively, in a special movie for NBC, ‘The Incredible Hulk Returns’.
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Stan Lee, the creative dynamo who revolutionised the comic book and helped make billions for Hollywood by introducing human frailties in Marvel superheroes such as Spider-Man, the Fantastic Four and the Incredible Hulk, died on Monday, 12 November. He was 95.

Lee was declared dead at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, according to Kirk Schenck, an attorney for Lee's daughter, JC Lee.

In this 22 June 2004 photo, Spiderman creator and <i>Spider-Man 2</i> executive producer Stan Lee poses for photographers at the premiere of “Spider-Man 2” in Los Angeles. &nbsp;
In this 22 June 2004 photo, Spiderman creator and Spider-Man 2 executive producer Stan Lee poses for photographers at the premiere of “Spider-Man 2” in Los Angeles.  
(Photo: AP/Matt Sayles)

As the top writer at Marvel Comics and later as its publisher, Lee was widely considered the architect of the contemporary comic book. He revived the industry in the 1960s by offering the costumes and action craved by younger readers while insisting on sophisticated plots, college-level dialogue, satire, science fiction, even philosophy.

In this 16 April 2002 photo, Stan Lee smiles during a photo session in his office in Santa Monica, California.&nbsp;
In this 16 April 2002 photo, Stan Lee smiles during a photo session in his office in Santa Monica, California. 
(Photo: AP/Reed Saxon)

From Humble Comic Books to Multi-Billion Movie Franchises

Millions responded to the unlikely mix of realistic fantasy, and many of his characters, including Spider-Man, the Hulk and X-Men went on to become stars of blockbuster films. He won the National Medal of Arts in 2008.

Recent projects Lee helped make possible range from the films "Avengers: Infinity War," ''Black Panther" and "Guardians of the Galaxy" to such TV series as "Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D" and "Daredevil." Lee was recognizable to his fans, having had cameos in many Marvel films and TV projects, often delivering his trademark motto, "Excelsior!"

"Captain America" actor Chris Evans mourned the loss on Twitter:

Lee hit his stride in the 1960s when he brought the Fantastic Four, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Iron Man and numerous others to life. "It was like there was something in the air. I couldn't do anything wrong," he said.

Marvel Comics icon Stan Lee.
Marvel Comics icon Stan Lee.
(Photo: Twitter/@TheRealStanLee)

His heroes, meanwhile, were a far cry from virtuous do-gooders such as rival DC Comics' Superman.

The Fantastic Four fought with each other. Spider-Man was goaded into superhero work by his alter ego, Peter Parker, who suffered from unrequited crushes, money problems and dandruff. The Silver Surfer, an alien doomed to wander Earth’s atmosphere, waxed about the woeful nature of man. The Hulk was marked by self-loathing. Daredevil was blind and Iron Man had a weak heart.

Some of Lee's creations became symbols of social change — the inner turmoil of Spider-Man represented '60s America, for example, while The Black Panther and The Savage She-Hulk mirrored the travails of minorities and women.

"I think of them as fairy tales for grown-ups," he told the AP in 2006.

Stan Lee at the premiere of “The Avengers” in Los Angeles.
Stan Lee at the premiere of “The Avengers” in Los Angeles.
(Photo: AP)
We all grew up with giants and ogres and witches. Well, you get a little bit older and you’re too old to read fairy tales. But I don’t think you ever outgrow your love for those kind of things, things that are bigger than life and magical and very imaginative.
Stan Lee on comic books.

Lee scripted most of Marvel's superhero comics himself during the '60s, including the Avengers and the X-Men, two of the most enduring. In 1972, he became Marvel's publisher and editorial director; four years later, 72 million copies of Spider-Man were sold.

Lee’s Influence Faded in 1970s

CBS turned the Hulk into a successful TV series, with Bill Bixby and Lou Ferrigno portraying the doomed scientist from 1978-82. A Spider-Man series ran briefly in 1978. Both characters were featured in animated TV series as well.

In this 9 May, 1988, file photo, comics impresario Stan Lee, center, poses with Lou Ferrigno, right, and Eric Kramer who portray ‘The Incredible Hulk’ and Thor, respectively, in a special movie for NBC, ‘The Incredible Hulk Returns,’ May 9, 1988, Los Angeles, Calif.
In this 9 May, 1988, file photo, comics impresario Stan Lee, center, poses with Lou Ferrigno, right, and Eric Kramer who portray ‘The Incredible Hulk’ and Thor, respectively, in a special movie for NBC, ‘The Incredible Hulk Returns,’ May 9, 1988, Los Angeles, Calif.
(Photo: AP)

The first big-budget movie based on Lee's characters, "X-Men," was a smash in 2000, earning more than $130 million at North American theaters.

"Spider-Man" did even better, taking in more than $400 million in 2002. A Marvel movie empire would emerge after that, one of the most lucrative mega-franchises in cinema history, with the recent "Avengers: Infinity War" grossing more than $2 billion worldwide.

In 10 years, the Marvel Cinematic Universe film shave netted over $17.6 billion in worldwide grosses.

Lee’s direct influence faded in the 1970s as he gave up some of his editorial duties at Marvel. But with his trademark white mustache and tinted sunglasses, he was the industry’s most recognizable figure. He lectured widely on popular culture.

As sales of comics declined, Marvel was forced into bankruptcy proceedings that meant it had to void a lifetime contract prohibiting Lee from working for anyone else. Lee later sued Marvel for $10 million, saying the company cheated him out of millions in profits from movies based on his characters.

In 2000, Lee agreed to write stories for DC Comics, reinventing Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman and other signature characters for Marvel's one-time rival. In the late 1990s, he looked to capitalize on the Internet craze, offering animated "webisodes" of comic-like action.

Lee's wife and partner in nearly everything, Joan Lee, died in 2017, leaving a void that made her husband, by then in mental and physical decline, vulnerable to hangers-on who began to surround him. Lawsuits, court fights and an elder abuse investigation all emerged in the fight over who spoke for the elderly Lee.

Lee is survived by his daughter, Joanie, and a younger brother who also worked in comics, Larry Lieber.

(Published in an arrangement with Associated Press)

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