Iraq’s Christians Celebrate a Bittersweet Christmas After ISIS

For most, this was their first Christmas back home after Iraq was declared “free of ISIS occupation”

Published
World
4 min read
Iraqi Christians attend a Christmas Eve Mass at Our Lady of Salvation Church in Baghdad on Sunday, 24 December 2017. 
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Inside the newly renovated Church of Saint George in the Northern Iraqi town of Teleskof, Hayat Chamoun Daoud led children dressed as Santa Claus singing "Jingle Bells" in Aramaic.

Like every other resident of Teleskof, this was Daoud's first Christmas back home in three years, since ISIS militants overran her town and forcibly displaced its 12,000-strong Chaldean Christian community.

"It's so special to be back in my church, the church where I got married, the church I raised my children in," the school headmistress said, tears in her eyes.

Faced with a choice to convert, pay a tax or die, Daoud, like many other Christians in the Nineveh Plains, chose to flee. Most sought refuge in nearby towns and cities, but many sought permanent asylum abroad.  
Iraqi Christians light candles after a Christmas Eve Mass in St. Joseph’s Church in Baghdad, Iraq, 24 December 2017
Iraqi Christians light candles after a Christmas Eve Mass in St. Joseph’s Church in Baghdad, Iraq, 24 December 2017
(Photo: AP)

Though the militants were only in Teleskof for a few days, residents only began returning home earlier this year.

On Sunday, they celebrated their first Christmas together again at the town's main church, which was overflowing. Hundreds of congregants, dressed in their finest, poured in to pray and receive communion from Father Salar Bodagh, who later lit the traditional bonfire in the church’s courtyard, a symbol of renewal he said.

'Joy Soaked In Tears'

Iraqi Christians attend a Christmas Eve Mass at Our Lady of Salvation Church in Baghdad on Sunday, 24 December 2017.
Iraqi Christians attend a Christmas Eve Mass at Our Lady of Salvation Church in Baghdad on Sunday, 24 December 2017.
(Photo: AP)

Despite the obvious joys of being able to celebrate openly once again, it was a bittersweet Christmas for most across the Nineveh Plains, the epicenter of Iraq’s ancient Christian communities which can trace their history in the country back two millennia.

Though Iraq declared full victory over the militants just weeks ago after a brutal three-year war, the damage done to Christian enclaves was extensive, and left many wondering whether they could overcome their recent history.

ISIS ravaged Christian areas, looting and burning down homes and churches, stripping them of all valuable artifacts and smashing relics. The damage in Qaraqosh, a town 15 km west of Mosul, was extensive, particularly to the town’s ancient churches.

At the Syrian Catholic Church of the Immaculate, congregants gathered for midnight Mass on Sunday, 24 December, surrounded by scorched and blackened walls, still tagged with ISIS graffiti. They also sat on donated plastic chairs – the church has not yet been able to replace the wooden pews the militants used to fuel the massive fire which engulfed the church.
A boy rides his bike past destroyed cars and houses in a neighborhood recently liberated by Iraqi security forces on the western side of Mosul.
A boy rides his bike past destroyed cars and houses in a neighborhood recently liberated by Iraqi security forces on the western side of Mosul.
(File Photo: AP)

Most families will require tens of thousands of dollars to repair their homes and replace their stolen goods. But most say they can overcome the material damage, unlike the forced separation of their families.

Before the militant onslaught, Qaraqosh was the largest Christian settlement in Iraq, with a population of more than 50,000. But today, only a few hundred families have returned. Entire congregations have moved overseas, such as the Syriac Orthodox congregation of the Church of Mart Shmony.

On the afternoon of Saturday, 23 December, Father Butros Kappa, the head of Qaraqosh’s Church of the Immaculate was trying hard to summon any sense of hope to deliver his congregation during Christmas Mass. He said:

We’ll have a Christmas Mass like in previous years, but this year, ours will be a joy soaked in tears, because all of our people have left Iraq. Holding Mass in the singed and upturned ruins of his church is, therefore, important to remind everyone that despite the tragedies that have befallen us, we’re still here.

'No Future For Us'

Iraqi civilians walk past the destroyed al-Nuri mosque as Iraqi forces continue their advance against ISIS militants in Mosul, in this file photo from 4 July 2017.
Iraqi civilians walk past the destroyed al-Nuri mosque as Iraqi forces continue their advance against ISIS militants in Mosul, in this file photo from 4 July 2017.
(File Photo: AP)

In Teleskof, 30 km (20 miles) north of Mosul and itself one of the oldest continuing Christian communities in the world, some families were skipping Mass altogether upset at their forced dispersal.

"We usually celebrate with our entire family," said Umm Rita, as she prepared the traditional Christmas Day dish of pacha (sheep's head, trotters, and stomach all slowly boiled) at her home.

"But how can we be happy this year? Our brothers and sisters, even my own daughter, her husband and child I’ve never met have all moved away."

Community leaders estimate more than 7,000 of Teleskof’s residents are now scattered across Iraq and it’s semi-autonomous Kurdistan Region, the United States, Australia, Germany, Lebanon and Jordan. 

Amid ongoing tensions between the central government in Baghdad and Iraq's Kurds after a referendum on Kurdish independence was held over Baghdad's objections in September, Teleskof's residents fear violence once again. "We just want to live in peace," said Umm Rita. "We are more anxious now than when ISIS was in our homes."

"Our community has been gutted," said Firas Abdelwahid, a 76-year-old former state oil employee, of the thousands who have sought permanent shelter overseas. Watching children play by the church bonfire, he felt melancholy.

"But what do we expect? The past is tragic, the present is desperate and well, there is no future for us Christians in Iraq."

(Published in an arrangement with Reuters)

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