SC Orders CBI to Take Over Muzaffarpur Shelter Homes Case

The Bihar government has been directed to provide all logistical support and assistance to the agency.

4 min read
File image of Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar.

The Supreme Court, on Wednesday, 28 November, ordered the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to take over the investigation into the sexual exploitation of inmates in 17 state-run shelter homes of Bihar’s Muzaffarpur.

The Bihar government has been directed to provide all logistical support and assistance to the agency.

The CBI, according to The Times of India, has told the Supreme Court that the charge sheet will be filed on 7 December.

The Bihar government has, however, opposed the CBI probe in all the shelter home cases – it has pleaded the Supreme Court to grant it the last opportunity to prove that the government is committed to catch the culprits, further seeking 10 days to file the status report.


According to, the apex court said, “The state's attitude is extremely unfortunate and tragic to say the least. This is inhuman and shameless... A child is sodomised and the state does nothing. You don’t even care to register FIRs properly. There are 17 shelter homes where allegations of sexual abuse were cited in the TISS report. Why should each case not be investigated? Are these children lesser citizens of the country?”

The matter will be taken up again on Wednesday, 28 November.

“If we find that there were offences under Section 377 IPC and POCSO Act and you did not register FIR, we will pass an order against the government,” the court said.

"We were told that matter will be looked with great seriousness, this is seriousness? This file, it’s tragic,” the court added. It questioned the registration of FIRs only under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) and not under relevant sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

The court appeared to be inclining to hand over the probe in the case to Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

Multiple Cases of Sexual Abuse and Negligence Revealed in Shelter Homes

According to the 100-page report submitted to the Social Welfare Department, the Muzaffarpur shelter home run by Brajesh Thakur had been "running in a highly questionable manner along with grave instances of violence. Several girls reported about violence and being abused sexually".

At another home in the town, ‘Seva-Kutir’, run by the Om Sai Foundation, “disturbing instances and patterns of physical violence and abuse” were reported by the inmates.

Some of them also complained that they had been brought there on the "pretext of being given work."

At Boys’ Children Home in the Motihari district run by NGO ‘Nirdesh’, serious physical violence and sexual abuse were reported by inmates.

Older boys were clubbed in with younger ones for accommodation. Boys from both the groups reported "sexual abuse and violence," the report alleged.

Inmates of a home run by ‘Sakhi’ reported physical violence especially against women and girls suffering from mental illness, it further alleged.

In the Bhagalpur district, "grave abuse" was reported in the Boys' Children Home. When the team wanted the "complaint box" to be opened, the keys were said to have been misplaced. Those were later produced and the box was opened.

“There was a huge stock of letters written by the residents providing details of violence and other violations being carried out in the home,” the report alleged.

In the Munger district, inmates of the Boys' Children Home run by NGO 'Panaah' were being forced to work in residential quarters of the superintendent. On refusal to do so, they were beaten up.

A resident of the home showed "a three inch long scar across his cheek" as he was beaten up by the superintendent, it alleged.

Inmates of home for girls, run by ‘Novelty Welfare Society’, said bathrooms had no latches from inside and they felt insecure.

In the Gaya district, the Boys' Children Home was running in a "custodial and exploitative manner". The boys were locked up. Some of them complained that some female staff members were forcing them to write lewd messages for another female staff member, it alleged.

At a home run by ‘Gram Swaraj Seva Sansthan’ in Kaimur, a security guard was reported to be “sexually abusive”, it alleged.

Three specialised adoption agencies- 'Nari Gunjan' at Patna, 'RVESK' at Madhubani and 'Gyan Bharti' at Kaimur were found "running in a condition that is likely to be life-threatening", the report alleged.

A security guard at a government-run observation home at Araria was reportedly carrying out extreme violence against boys. The superintendent expressed helplessness about it since the guard was from the Bihar Police, the report alleged.

At 'IKARD' in Patna, a girl unable to cope with violent atmosphere committed suicide about a year ago, while another lost her "mental balance from the trauma she suffered there", the report alleged.

The condition in the ‘Seva Kutir’ in Gaya was “unsettling”, while physical violence and verbal abuse against both men and women were reported in ‘Kaushal Kutir’ run by the ‘Don Bosco Tech Society’ in Patna, it alleged

The Social Welfare Department has suspended a number of officials for 'dereliction of duty' in not reporting such shortcomings in their inspection reports. The TISS report said it was necessary to "engage with the residents with a sense of empathy".

In the Observation Home in Darbhanga, there was no violence. The team saw there "a beautifully maintained kitchen and a flower garden". The inmates were particularly fond of the superintendent, who often doubled as their teacher. It also had arrangements for outdoor games like volley ball and badminton.

Similarly, the children home in Buxur have managed to create a positive environment simply with the "staff's involvement with children beyond mandatory responsibilities". Specialised adoption centre in Saran was a "well maintained facility with decent infrastructure and a team of dedicated staff", it said.

(With inputs from, The Times of India and PTI)

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