SC Judge Recuses From Hearing Pleas Challenging NJAC Act

SC judge recuses himself from hearing pleas challenging the NJAC Act.

3 min read
Hindi Female

A Constitution bench today could not begin the hearing to examine the validity of the law replacing the collegium system of appointment of judges as the judge heading it recused from the case following objection from petitioners who claimed conflict of interest.

Justice A R Dave, who was heading the five-judge Constitution bench, withdrew from the case after the Supreme Court Advocates on Record Association (SCAORA) and other petitioners said that since he had become a member of the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) under the new law, it would not be proper for him to hear the matter.

 SC judge recuses himself from hearing pleas challenging the NJAC Act.
Justice AR Dave. (Photo: ANI)

However, the submission of senior advocate Fali Nariman, who appeared for SCAORA, was opposed by Attorney General (AG) Mukul Rohatgi and Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA), which had supported the Centre in its endeavour to replace the two- decade-old collegium system of appointment of judges by the judges.

Rohatgi contended that the suggestion of SCAORA is wholly regrettable and condemnable. He was supported by SCBA President who said that SCAORA’s objection was preposterous.

Their submission had come after Nariman had said that the provisions of the Constitution (99th amendment) Act 2014 and of the NJAC Act 2014 have been brought into force from April 13, 2015.

It is respectfully submitted that it would be appropriate if it would be declared at the outset, by an order of this court, the presiding judge of this bench will take no part whatever in the proceedings of the NJAC.
–  Fali Nariman, senior advocate to the Supreme Court

Rohatgi refuted allegations on the timing of the notification to make the NJAC Act operational by saying that it was absolutely proper for the government to come out with the notification.

He said the central government is answerable to Parliament and if Parliament has passed the law, it cannot be put in limbo indefinitely.

He said the will of Parliament and ratification by 20 state assemblies has to be given effect and the notification has come at an appropriate time.

Rohatgi also opposed the stand of SCAORA on recusal to Justice Dave, saying that it is a well known fact that judges fulfil more than one role. They have been a part of earlier collegium also and while continuing to discharge judicial function, they were involved in administrative measures too.

“So, they can be a part of new judicial commission apart from doing judicial functions,” the AG said, adding that for hundred years it has been seen that administrative decisions of full court are often challenged on the judicial side and same judges of full court decide them, “so that there is no conflict of interest”.

Rohatgi said if there was any objection on Justice Dave heading the bench, it would have come on day one, but the petitioners including SCAORA took their chance before the three-judge bench before the matter was referred to the Constitution Bench.

“No such contention was raised by SCAORA and if this contention is correct, then a large number of judges cannot hear the case,” he said.

Besides Justice Dave, others in the five-judge bench, constituted by the Chief Justice, were Justices J Chelameswar, Madan B Lokur, Kurian Joseph and Adarsh Kumar Goel.

A three-judge bench of the apex court had on April 7 referred to a five-judge Constitution Bench a batch of petitions challenging the validity of NJAC Act to replace the collegium system of appointing judges to higher judiciary.

The court had refused to stay the implementation of law with the observation that all the issues arising out of the petitions would be decided by the Constitution Bench

The government had on April 13 notified the NJAC Act along with a Constitutional Amendment Act (99th Amendment Act) to give constitutional status to the new body to appoint judges.

NJAC was signed into an Act by President Pranab Mukherjee on December 31, 2014.

Under the collegium system which came into existence in 1993 after a Supreme Court judgement, five top judges of the apex court recommend transfer and elevation of judges to Supreme Court and 24 High Courts.

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Topics:  Supreme Court   NJAC   Judge recuses 

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