Pakistan-based terror module Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) has claimed responsibility for the 14 February Pulwama attack, one of the deadliest attacks on security forces in Kashmir, that claimed the lives of 40 CRPF personnel.
Tensions have spiked between India and Pakistan – two nuclear-armed neighbours that have a long and bloody history – in the aftermath of the blast, with India squarely blaming Pakistan’s ISI for harbouring and sponsoring the JeM. The spotlight has again settled on JeM chief Masood Azhar and his renewed calls for “jihad against India”.
India has long been bristling at Azhar enjoying ‘free rein’ in Pakistan, and has repeatedly demanded that Islamabad take stringent action to stop the JeM’s activities on its soil. It has also called for Azhar to be listed by the UN as a “global terrorist”, but those efforts have been blocked by China.
Pakistan has offered a condemnation of the Pulwama attack, but says it will only take action if India provides “actionable intelligence”.
But Pulwama is hardly the first such attack by JeM. The group has been behind some of the most dastardly attacks on Indian soil, including the 2001 Parliament attack that led to India mobilising its troops to the border in the ultimately failed Operation Parakram, and the Uri and Pathankot attacks of 2016.