Delhi Traffic Police issue a <i>challan</i> to a violator of the odd-even rule on Friday, 15 April 2016.
Delhi Traffic Police issue a challan to a violator of the odd-even rule on Friday, 15 April 2016. (Photo: PTI)
  • 1. What Are The New Laws?
  • 2. Will the Bill Affect Public Transport/Taxi Experience?
  • 3. Why is the Opposition Opposing the Bill?
  • 4. Will it be Easier to Get a Driving License / Insurance?
  • 5. What are the Do's and Don'ts for Manufacturers?
Explainer: The Motor Vehicle Act Amendment Bill

The Motor Vehicle Act of 1988 has not been updated ever since it first came into being. Going by the number of accidents in the latest Road Accidents in India report by the Road Transport and Highways Ministry, there were a total of 4,80,652 accidents in India in 2016 leading to about 1.5 lakh deaths. Given these numbers, the new Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill aims to curb accidents with stiffer penalties.

The new Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on 10 April. The new bill provides for some pretty steep penalties, and stricter action for traffic violations.

This bill is being discussed in the Rajya Sabha on 31 July, and then the President has to sign off on it for the ageing Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, to be amended with the new regulations towards reducing the number of road accidents in India. The centre has recommended amendments to 68 clauses within the 92 clauses in the 1988 act.

The government aims to reduce accidents and fatalities on road by 50 percent in the next five years with this bill.

  • 1. What Are The New Laws?

    The bill seeks 68 amendments and insertion of 28 new sections in the Motor Vehicles Act of 1988, including setting up of a National Road Safety Board. Here are the changes and new laws:

    Delhi Traffic Police issue a <i>challan</i> to a violator of the odd-even rule on Friday, 15 April 2016.
    Delhi Traffic Police issue a <i>challan</i> to a violator of the odd-even rule on Friday, 15 April 2016.
    • For deaths in hit and run cases, the government will provide a compensation of at least Rs 2 lakh to the kin of the deceased, increasing it from Rs 25,000.
    • In traffic violations by juveniles, the guardians or owner of the vehicle would be responsible unless they prove the offence was committed without their knowledge or they tried to prevent it. The registration of the motor vehicle in question will be cancelled and the juvenile will be tried under the Juvenile Justice Act.
    • Fine for drunk driving to be increased to Rs 10,000 from Rs 2,000
    • The fine for rash driving will be increased from Rs 1,000 to Rs 5,000
    • For driving without license, the fine will be increased from Rs 500 to Rs 5,000
    • Fine for speeding will go up from Rs 400 to up to Rs 2,000
    • The fine for not wearing a seat belt will be Rs 1,000 from the present Rs 100
    • Talking on the phone while driving will attract a fine of Rs 5,000 (up from Rs 1,000)
    • The amendment to the bill also takes care of good citizens. Those who help accident victims will be protected from civil or criminal liability. It is up to them if they want to disclose their identity to the police or medical personnel.
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