With his mantra of 'Insaniyat, 'Jamhooriyat' and 'Kashmiriyat', former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee endeared himself to the people of Kashmir, who finally saw a leader willing to look beyond political calculations in his attempt to solve the vexed problems of the strife-torn valley.
Kashmiris vividly remember Vajpayee as the man, who despite his Jan Sangh past, extended a hand of friendship to Pakistan and offered dialogue to the separatists in a historic speech here in April 2003.
We are again extending the hand of friendship, but hands should be extended by both sides.Former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee had said then
This was the first such initiative by an Indian Prime Minister, in many many years following the eruption of militancy in the state.
The 'hand of friendship' to Pakistan was a complete reversal to the earlier stand of his government of not engaging with Islamabad till cross-border terrorism continued.
“Dialogue Only Way to Resolve Issues”: Vajpayee
At the same rally, Vajpayee extended an olive branch to the separatists saying dialogue was the only way to resolve issues.
The sincerity of the effort immediately elevated Vajpayee's stature in the eyes of the common Kashmiri, who bore the brunt of decades of violence in the state. Days later, Vajpayee elaborated on his Srinagar speech in the Lok Sabha.
"Issues can be resolved if we move forward guided by the three principles of Insaniyat (Humanity), Jamhooriyat (Democracy) and Kashmiriyat (Kashmiri values)," he said.
The peace overture was all the more a surprise as it came just over two years after the Parliament was attacked by Jaish-e-Mohammad militants.
Vajpayee a Reference Point in Kashmir
Vajpayee had, however, made efforts to foster friendly relations with Pakistan, earlier as well. He travelled to the neighbouring country in the inaugural Delhi-Lahore bus in 1999, the efforts of which were negated by the Kargil intrusion later that year.
Senior PDP leader Naeem Akhtar said Vajpayee has become a reference point "in Kashmir and about Kashmir".
“His electoral loss in 2004 (Lok Sabha polls) is considered a loss for Kashmir and south Asia,” he said.
He (Vajpayee) was one PM who bonded with the sentiments of Kashmiris and scripted a new peace agenda for south Asia, establishing in the process the centrality of the sentiment of the people of Kashmir and that Kashmir can be resolved without the use of force and without redrawing borders.Naeem Akhtar
CPI(M) leader Mohammad Yousuf Tarigami said Vajpayee had tried to reach to the people of Kashmir by initiating important initiatives which helped in creating hope.
"Opening of dialogue with stake holders including Pakistan and other dissenting voices were meaningful steps," Tarigami said.
The ground work for opening of trade and people-to-people contact across LoC were seen as major confidence building measures.
"Despite severe limitations of the BJP's policies, he will be remembered for not following the beaten tracks," Tarigami asserted.
National Conference leader Omar Abdullah, who was a minister of state in the Vajpayee-led government at the Centre, said the passing away of the former PM was a personal loss to him.
Pakistan’s Leaders, Separatists Hail Vajpayee
Often Vajpayee's out of the box thinking surprised even the Pakistani estbalishment.
Reacting to his unexpected 'hand of friendship', the then Pakistan Foreign Minister Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri said he was hopeful that there will be no "clarification" from India or even from Vajpayee on the statement.
Kasuri had said he was "thrilled" over the development and termed Vajpayee's statement as a positive movement forward in India-Pakistan relations.
Such was Vajpayee's charm that he draws praise even from the separatists.
I am sad to hear about the demise of A B Vajpayee ji. Atalji was indeed a rare Indian leader who had the humaneness to seek the resolution of the festering Kashmir dispute in the wide ambit of humanity and not within the confines of a constitution.Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Chairman of moderate faction of Hurriyat Conference
He said the former prime minister made sincere efforts to walk his talk when he initiated talks with the Hurriyat Conference.
Former Hurriyat chairman Professor Abdul Gani Bhat said Vajpayee was "a great man" in many ways.
Bhat said Vajpayee's efforts to improve relations with Pakistan and settle the dispute in Jammu and Kashmir will go down in the annals of history as an effort to build a stable, prosperous and peaceful south Asia.