Independent Judiciary Must for Liberal Democracy: J Chelameswar
(The Quint is reposting this article, first published on 22 January 2018, to mark the day Justice Jasti Chelameswar demitted office.)
Supreme Court Justice Jasti Chelameswar addressed the attendees at the launch of a new book about the origins of the Supreme Court on Monday, where he spoke about the need for legal scholarship to tackle the institutional problems faced by the judiciary today.
The most senior judge of the Supreme Court after the CJI, Justice Chelameswar had recently conducted an unprecedented press conference along with the three other senior judges of the Collegium, to express their dissatisfaction with the functioning of the apex court, with their primary grievance being the assignment of cases by the CJI to benches without any clear rationale.
The event also saw remarks by Dr Ranbir Singh, Vice-Chancellor of NLU Delhi, former Attorney-General of India Ashok Desai, senior advocate Arvind Datar and Dr Kamala Sankaran, VC of Tamil Nadu National Law School. Vikram Raghavan, one of the co-editors of the book, also addressed the gathering. The attendees included Justice Madan Lokur of the Supreme Court, Justice Ravindran Bhat of the Delhi High Court, and
The book, authored by legal scholar George H Gadbois, Jr (author of ‘Judges of the Supreme Court of India (1950-1989)), is titled “Supreme Court of India: The Beginnings”, has been published posthumously thanks to the efforts of Raghavan and co-editor Vasujith Ram, and discusses how the Supreme Court came to be the near-unique institution it is.
Role and Importance of Judiciary
Justice Chelameswar’s speech focused on the importance of the judiciary to the whole country, and how the “decisions made by these institutions, touch the lives of the people.”
He noted that although about 10 crore out of 120 crore people in India have a direct interaction with the judiciary, the laws of the country bind everyone. As a result, a study of the judiciary (such as that in the book) was essential.
He went on to repeat something mentioned by him at his press conference on 12 January – the importance of a properly functioning judiciary to a liberal democracy, saying:
The ‘Impossible’ Backlog of Cases
In Justice Chelameswar’s opinion, legal scholarship has an important role to play in tackling the problems plaguing the judiciary. In his words, research and study of the kind conducted by Gadbois, can “provide nourishment to the judiciary.”
An example of where this nourishment is needed is the issue of pendency, or backlog of cases. Even though the Supreme Court under the Constitution was not meant to have a large superintendent role, the apex court’s good intentions may have led it to bite off more than it can chew.
According to him, the empirical data suggests there is an insurmountable problem for the court, and that his situation is not good for the glory and prestige of the institution, so much so that everyone connected with the Supreme Court must think about a solution.
He does, however, end on a positive note, thanks to the hope given by serious and thoughtful research.
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