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72 Years of Independence: Watershed Moments That Shaped India

Read about the key political events that have shaped modern India. 

Updated
India
10 min read
At 72, India has come a long way from the country the British exited in 1947. 
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As we celebrate 72 years of Indian Independence, it’s a good time to look back at the events and times that shaped our nation since 15 August 1947.

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3:41 PM , 08 Aug

1979 – A Nobel for a Mother

Sister of Mercy Mother Teresa’s undying kindness and compassion for the downtrodden, the displaced and the diseased in India is recognised as she is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Mother Teresa with John Sanness, the chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, during the award ceremony in Oslo in 1979.
Mother Teresa with John Sanness, the chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, during the award ceremony in Oslo in 1979.
(Photo: Associated Press)
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3:41 PM , 08 Aug

1983 – Kapil's Devils Conquer the World

Seen as underdogs going into the tournament with no hopes of clearing the league matches, the Kapil Dev-led Indian cricket team triumphs against all odds, including wagers of 100-1 in favour of the Windies in the finals of the cricket World Cup.

72 Years of Independence: Watershed Moments That Shaped India
(Photo Courtesy: BCCI)
Kapil’s famous 175* 
Kapil’s famous 175* 
(Photo Courtesy: BCCI)
3:41 PM , 08 Aug

1984 – Golden Temple Under Seige

In 1984, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi signs the order to launch a military offensive to smoke out Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale’s militants who had unleashed terror on Punjab and taken refuge in the Golden Temple.

For five days, the Indian army pounds the holy Sikh shrine with heavy artillery, tanks and helicopters. This is Operation Bluestar.

72 Years of Independence: Watershed Moments That Shaped India
(Photo: Susnata Paul/ The Quint)
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3:41 PM , 08 Aug

1984 – The Assassination of Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi is assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards on 31 October 1984, following which her son, Rajiv, takes over. Gandhi is assassinated just a few months after Operation Blue Star.

A pogrom continues across Delhi and the adjoining areas for three days. There is looting, destruction of property, and killing.

72 Years of Independence: Watershed Moments That Shaped India
(Photo: The Indian Express)

Published: 08 Aug 2018, 3:41 PM IST
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