Delhi's air quality, which has entered the red zone, has lead to a ban on diesel generators. It may also trigger an increase in the parking fee for vehicles by up to four times in the next few days.
Measures under the 'very poor' and 'severe' categories of the plan came into force on Tuesday, under which the Badarpur thermal power plant has been closed and diesel generator (DG) sets have been banned in Delhi among other actions.
Media reports say metros and hospitals may be exempted.
EPCA chairman Bhure Lal and member Sunita Narain announced the decision following a review meeting.
The increase in parking fee, if required, will be enforced under the Graded Response Action Plan, under which a series of measures will be taken based on the severity of air pollution during the winter months.
Narain said parking fee may have to be hiked in Delhi, despite the fact that a parking policy is still being worked out, if air pollution aggravates further, and in case it touches alarming proportions, "cars will have to be off the roads".
(Breathe In, Breathe Out: Are you finding it tough to breathe polluted air? Join hands with FIT in partnership with #MyRightToBreathe to find a solution to pollution. Send in your suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org or WhatsApp @ +919999008335)