108 Experts Concerned Over Political Interference in Economic Data

Rahul Gandhi accused PM Modi of stopping the truth about his criminal failure on employment from becoming public.

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Expressing concerns over "political interference" in statistical data in India, as many as 108 economists and social scientists on Thursday, 14 March, called for restoration of "institutional independence" and integrity of statistical organisations.

Their appeal comes against the backdrop of controversy over revision of gross domestic product (GDP) numbers and withholding employment data by the NSSO.

They said that for decades, India's statistical machinery enjoyed a high-level of reputation for the integrity of the data it produced on a range of economic and social parameters.

"It (statistical machinery) was often criticised for the quality of its estimates, but never were allegations made of political interference influencing decisions and the estimates themselves," they said in an appeal.

They have appealed to all professional economists, statisticians and independent researchers to come together to raise their voice against the tendency "to suppress uncomfortable data" and impress upon the government to restore access and integrity to public statistics and re-establish institutional independence.


'NoMo' Stopping Truth About His 'Criminal Failure' on Employment From Becoming Public: Rahul

A day after the experts expressed these concerns, Congress President Rahul Gandhi accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi of “trying to stop the truth” about his criminal failure on employment from becoming public.

Earlier on Friday, Congress chief spokesperson Randeep Surjewala also hit out at the Modi government over the issue.


The signatories on the appeal include Rakesh Basant (IIM-A), James Boyce (University of Massachusetts at Amherst, US), Emily Breza (Harvard University, US), Satish Deshpande (Delhi University), Patrick Francois (University of British Columbia, Canada), R Ramakumar (TISS, Mumbai), Hema Swaminathan (IIM-B) and Rohit Azad (JNU).

Commenting on the statement, PC Mohanan, who resigned as acting chairperson of the National Statistical Commission, said that it is a timely message and political parties should take notice of sentiments expressed by the economists.

“The message is very timely and relevant in the backdrop of the recent issues and the concerns expressed by these eminent people... It is important that political parties take notice of this.”
PC Mohanan to PTI.

The economists and social scientists said it is imperative that the agencies associated with collection and dissemination of statistics like the Central Statistics Office (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) are not subject to political interference and their work, therefore, enjoys total credibility.

"Lately, the Indian statistics and the institutions associated with it have, however, come under a cloud for being influenced and indeed even controlled by political considerations," the statement said.


Citing an instance wherein the CSO revised upward GDP growth estimates for 2016-17 (the year of demonetisation) by 1.1 percentage points to 8.2 percent, the highest in a decade, they said: “This seems to be at variance with the evidence marshalled by many economists.”

The statement also expressed concern over withholding of Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) of NSSO and news reports that the PLFS of 2017-18 will be scrapped altogether by the government.

"This is the time for all professional economists, statisticians, independent researchers in policy – regardless of their political and ideological leanings – to come together to raise their voice against the tendency to suppress uncomfortable data..." the experts said.

The reputation of India's statistical bodies in the country and globally is at stake, the experts added.

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Topics:  Narendra Modi   Rahul Gandhi   GDP 

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