‘Nearly 50% of India Facing Drought’: IIT-Gandhinagar Scientists
Nearly 50 percent of the country is currently facing drought with at least 16 percent falling in the "exceptional" or "extreme" category, according to IIT Gandhinagar scientists managing India's real time drought prediction system.
This ongoing drought will pose a lot of challenges in water availability this summer, Vimal Mishra, associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Gandhinagar, told PTI.
The results of the simulations, prepared by the Water and Climate Lab at IIT Gandhinagar, are available on the website of the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
“About 47 percent of the country is facing drought – with 16 percent facing extreme, or exceptional category of drought – which we show from our real-time monitoring system that we have developed for the country. Arunachal Pradesh did not get good rain this year, and parts of Jharkhand, southern Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and northern part of Tamil Nadu are under drought,”Vimal Mishra, Associate Professor, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Gandhinagar
"We are not enhancing groundwater recharge. On the other hand, drought conditions are making us extract more and more water," he said.
While famine like conditions are not expected, the drought will have a massive impact on the economy.
"If our groundwater is not recharged and managed sustainably, we could face a very difficult situation in the coming years," Mishra said, adding that groundwater is being used irresponsibly at present.
"The government needs to take some tough decisions as far as ground water, and water conservation is concerned," Mishra said.
Conserving water in urban homes is just a drop in the bucket compared to steps that can be taken in the agriculture sector, he said.
He also stressed the need to equip ourselves better to tackle a drought situation,
"The government thinks drought is a reactive situation, that they will provide a relief only once there is a crisis But with the data available they can take proactive measures to prevent a water crisis," Mishra said.