30% IPS Officers Fail to Disclose Property Details

30% of IPS officers and 15% of IAS officers have not disclosed their immovable property details.

3 min read
Indian Police at a parade. (Photo: Reuters)

More than 30% officers of Indian Police Service (IPS) and about 15% officers of Indian Administrative Service (IAS) have not disclosed details of their immovable property for the year 2014, according to government data.

The All-India Service (Conduct) rules, 1968, require officers to disclose these details when they join service and submit an annual property statement—listing properties and shares.

As many as 1,302 IPS officers have missed the deadline by four months, most serving in Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh cadre. More than 600 IPS officers have not filed returns for 2012 and 2013.

There are currently 3,700 IPS officers nationwide.

More Defaulters from IPS than IAS

IAS officers do better; 650 of about 4,600 officers have defaulted on their asset statements, according to the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), which acts as nodal agency for service matters of IAS officers. The number for previous years is also lower at 150 and 240 for the year 2012 and 2013 respectively.

Of the 24 state cadres, with more than 71% of defaulting IPS officers, the Assam-Meghalaya joint cadre tops the list, followed by Jharkhand and Nagaland.

For the IAS, the Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territory cadre has the highest number (43%) of defaulters.


Government Ignores Defaults

Officers who do not submit property returns in time will be “denied vigilance clearance” and will not be considered for promotion and empanelment (put on a short-list) for senior posts in Government of India.
-June 2012 Home Ministry circular

But with no action taken, more officers default, retired IPS officers told IndiaSpend.

The Home Ministry can order departmental inquiries against defaulters or those who file wrong information, but not many such cases have been launched, said former Maharashtra Director General of Police Rahul Gopal.

Property declarations bring transparency, improve public confidence in the administration and ensure integrity of subordinates, said many officers.

Declaration of assets to the public is a way of telling the citizens that you have kept faith in me by permitting me to handle crores of rupees of public money for public use, and I have not exploited your trust.
-M N Vijaykumar, IAS, Karnataka Cadre, Retired 2015

An officer who does not declare assets is in no position to ask subordinates to do so because they fear that their own illegal assets will be exposed, said 1981-batch Karnataka cadre IAS officer M N Vijaykumar, who retired in April 2015.

However, some officers who figure in the list do not agree with Vijaykumar.

“Not every officer who missed the deadline is corrupt. Sometimes because of (a) busy schedule we forget to file returns.” said a senior IAS officer of the 1980 batch who is currently posted in a central ministry and has requested anonymity.

Another senior IPS officer of the 1985 batch, also requesting anonymity, claims he submitted his return to the State Government but his name appears on the list because the latter apparently failed to forward it to the Ministry of Home Affairs.


Top Officers in Defaulters’ List

More than 30 IPS officers in the defaulters’ list are Director Generals of Police. About 15 defaulting IAS officers hold a secretary rank in the Union Government.

Service rules require officers to file annual property returns from their date of appointment. But returns were made public only in 2011 on a government website, as the Hindustan Times reported that year.

Following the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act 2013 which provides for the establishment of a body of Lokpal for the Union and Lokayukta for states to inquire into allegations of corruption against public functionaries, officers must now reveal property details of their spouses and children as well.

However, in September 2014, Vinita Singla, wife of a government servant and working with an IT company, filed a writ petition in the Delhi High Court against provisions regarding the disclosure of assets held in the names of spouses and children, contending that they violate her Fundamental Rights.

She pleaded that disclosed assets on a government website will cause prejudice and humiliation before the public at large.

The high court passed an interim order staying the government from taking action as per the provisions of the act.

Following this, the government has been extending the deadline for filing property details under the Lokpal Act from the first deadline of September 15, 2014. Officials are now asked to submit the returns by October 2015.

(IndiaSpend is a non-profit, data-driven, public-interest journalism site.)

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