Delhi Air Pollution Did Not Drop by 25% as Govt Claims: Greenpeace
The Delhi government's claim of a 25 percent reduction in air pollution levels over the past few years is not true, Greenpeace India said on Thursday, 7 November, inviting a quick rebuttal from city's ruling party which dismissed the NGO's report.
According to a Greenpeace India analysis, "Historical ambient air quality monitoring and satellite data coupled with increasing fossil fuel consumption in Delhi and adjoining states contradict the government's claims of a 25 percent reduction in pollution levels over past years."
“The Centre in its affidavit to the Supreme Court has said it under oath that the pollution in Delhi has reduced and the pollution in October and November is due to stubble-burning,” he said.
In government advertisements, Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has been claiming that levels of PM 2.5 (or particulate matters equal to smaller than 2.5 microns in diameter) were reduced to an average of 115 between 2016 and 2018 from an average of 154 between 2012 and 2014, which amounts to a 25 percent reduction.
No Statistically Significant Improvement, Says Greenpeace
However, Greenpeace India said that satellite data shows no statistically significant reduction in PM 2.5 levels from 2013 to 2018 and only shows slight reductions in the later part of 2018 compared to the past three years.
Also, contrary to the claims of the AAP government that pollution has plummeted in the city, PM 10 levels have augmented in 2018 as per the data at the manual air quality monitoring stations operated by pollution watchdog the Central Pollution Control Board, the NGO said.
Greenpeace India’s air visual report earlier in March this year declared Delhi as the most polluted capital city in the world.
‘Steps Taken by Govt Not Enough’
Recently, the Delhi government and the Centre's Ministry for Environment initiated multiple discussions about improvements in air quality in Delhi with different data-sets.
"It is noticeable that Delhi and the two states, Haryana and Punjab, saw a rise in coal consumption by 17.8 percent from 2015-16 to 2018-19. On the other hand, total petroleum product consumption increased by 3.3 percent over the same period, both contributing to increasing emissions and complicated clean air efforts," Greenpeace said.
"The actions which have been taken and implemented to reduce air pollution in Delhi be it the bypass roads, shutting down of Badarpur Power plants, shifting the industries to PNG and availability of BS-VI fuel were taken in mid/end 2018. These steps along with others will surely result in the reduction of pollution levels on an annual average basis. But the majority of impacts of such steps collectively was not seen till the end of 2018 and these wouldn't be enough to provide breathable air quality," he said.
He emphasised that the trends in PM 10, PM 2.5 and NO2 levels indicate that emissions from biomass burning (household and agricultural) were falling while emissions from fossil fuel burning are increasing in Delhi, Haryana and Punjab region.
"31 out of 33 coal-fired electric generation units do not have even Fuel Gas Desulphurization (FGD) installed to reduce SO2 emissions as mandated by the ministry of environment. These had to be installed by December 2017 initially and by December 2019 as per the second timeline given by Ministry of Power and environment ministry as submission to Supreme Court in an ongoing case," he said.
(This story was auto-published from a syndicated feed. No part of the story has been edited by The Quint.)