Retrenched permanent and contract workers of Hindustan Motors Ltd/Hindustan Motor Finance Corporation Ltd and their family members on Friday, 1 October, began their sit-in protest at Tamil Nadu's Tiruvallur District Collectorate demanding back their land or a job in PCA Automobiles India Private Ltd.
Carmaker PCA Automobiles, located in Tiruvallur, is a joint venture between global automotive manufacturer Stellantis Group and India's CK Birla group.
Hindustan Motors Ltd/Hindustan Motor Finance belonged to the CK Birla group.
H Ismail, one of the retrenched workers, is protesting because his grandfather's land was acquired by Hindustan Motors in 1968.
"We have begun our protest as announced earlier. The protestors include men, women and children. We are demanding our land back or a job in PCA Automobiles."H Ismail, Retrenched Worker
"We will continue our protest till a solution is arrived at. We are planning to put up a tent and stay here day and night. Food is being cooked for the protestors," Ismail added.
The protest was flagged off by Communist Party of India MP K Subbarayan.
The workers were earlier employed by Hindustan Motors Ltd/Hindustan Motor Finance Corporation Ltd at its Tiruvallur car plant rolling out Japanese Mitsubishi Motors Corporation's models like Lancer, Pajero and also under contract manufacturing deal for Isuzu Motors MU7 model.
Later, about 175 permanent workers and over 150 contract workers were retrenched by Hindustan Motor Finance Corporation and the plant was transferred to PCA Automobiles.
"We were retrenched despite an agreement signed between the two joint venture partners that the workers will be absorbed by PCA Automobiles."H Ismail, Retrenched Worker
"Based on this Employee Transfer Agreement, Hindustan Motor Finance Corporation got permission from the Tamil Nadu government to transfer the plant and other assets to PCA Automobiles. Post transfer of assets, the workers – permanent and on contract – were sent out," Secretary of the Hindustan Motors Land Giving Farmers Progressive Association, E Srinivasan, told IANS.
According to Srinivasan, Hindustan Motors acquired about 356 acres of agricultural land in 1968 at Tiruvallur.
"Initially Hindustan Motors bought the land directly from the owners. But it was not able to get the extent it wanted and sought the District Collector's help. Later the company deposited the land cost with the government treasury and the government transferred the land to the company."E Srinivasan, Secretary of Hindustan Motors Land Givinf Farmers Progressive Association
At that point of time, the district collector had assured that the land owners will be employed by the company in the Hindustan Motor's earthmoving equipment plant at Tiruvallur.
"The land cost was so low that many landowners did not make efforts to get their money from the government treasury as the expenses incurred would be higher," Srinivasan added.
However, the landowners were not given employment as promised earlier, and after protesting, Hindustan Motors employed 82 persons – mostly the grandsons of the landowners – in 1980's.
"After a decade of protests another batch of 82 workers were hired as trainees in 1997," Srinivasan said.
Srinivasan and Ismail said Hindustan Motors confirmed the trainee workers only after 10 years.
Hindustan Motors hived off a sizeable portion of the land for its car plant to roll out Mitsubishi Motors Corporation's models like Lancer and Pajero. And some workers of the Hindustan Motors' earthmoving equipment division were transferred to the car plant.
Few years later, the Indian company transferred the plant to Hindustan Finance Corporation and then to PCA Automobiles while sending out permanent and contract workers.
Hindustan Motors sold its earthmoving equipment division (that made dumpers, loaders and others) to Caterpillar, US.
Barring the 22 workers whose grandfathers had given their land to the factory and some others, the majority of the permanent workers had agreed to take lump sum compensation from Hindustan Motor Finance Corporation.
"The company had deposited the lump sum in our bank accounts without our consent. We wrote to the company, Tamil Nadu government and also to PCA Automobiles stressing our demand for jobs and the amount deposited would be treated as our monthly wages."E Srinivasan, Secretary of Hindustan Motors Land Givinf Farmers Progressive Association
After the job loss, life for all the workers turned upside down.
"We were not able to get proper employment in other companies as age was against us. Many workers joined car service stations and others at a wage of Rs 8,000 per month, after drawing about Rs 50,000 per month. Our families are still in dire straits," S Gandhi, Former Secretary of the worker's union at Hindustan Motor Finance, told IANS.
According to Srinivasan, the PCA Automobiles plant has about 190 acres of land, of which about 150 acres are vacant.
"We want our land back so that we can do farming and manage our families," Srinivasan said.
"Our land is there. The old owner – C.K. Birla group and new owner Stellantis Group – are also there. The car plant is also rolling out Citroen brand cars. Only we are not there. This is not just," Ismail and Srinivasan said.
Despite several rounds of talks between the former workers, PCA Automobiles in the presence of the District Collector and other officials, there has been no progress on the issue, the former workers said.
"We have seen four District Collectors. Everyone knows about the Employee Transfer Agreement signed between Hindustan Finance Corporation and PCA Automobiles and its subsequent breach. But still no progress."H Ismail, Retrenched Worker