#PaniKiPareshani is Real: 10 Facts Point to a Growing Crisis
Here are ten facts that show the water crisis in India is serious.
Here are ten facts that show the water crisis in India is serious.(Photo: The Quint)

#PaniKiPareshani is Real: 10 Facts Point to a Growing Crisis

With news of depleting groundwater resources and drying taps in cities like Bengaluru, Chennai and even Delhi making headlines, the ‘Pani Ki Pareshaani’ is real. Here are 10 facts to be reckoned with.

On 5 June, IndiaSpend reported that 72% of districts in Maharashtra were hit by drought, and more than 6,000 water tankers are used to supply water to villages and settlements everyday.

72% of districts in Maharashtra are hit by drought.
72% of districts in Maharashtra are hit by drought.
(Photo: The Quint)

A 2018 study led by Duke University found that owing to the decline in groundwater-table, there was widespread Uranium contamination in 16 states.

There is widespread Uranium contamination in groundwater in 16 states.
There is widespread Uranium contamination in groundwater in 16 states.
(Photo: The Quint)

Also Read : Dirty Drinking Water, No Water Supply? Share Your #PaniKiPareshani

The latest report on water management prepared by NITI Aayog found that of the 24 states analysed on various indicators, Gujarat was the highest performer on water resource management.

The lowest performers were Jharkhand and Meghalaya.

Out of 100, Gujarat scored 76 on water resource management, Madhya Pradesh 69.
Out of 100, Gujarat scored 76 on water resource management, Madhya Pradesh 69.
(Photo: The Quint)

The report further stated that 40% of the population will have no access to drinking water by the year 2030.

The NITI Aayog report called this the “worst water crisis in India’s history.”
The NITI Aayog report called this the “worst water crisis in India’s history.”
(Photo: The Quint)

Also Read : Telangana Polls: No Water, No Vote Say Residents of ‘Happy Homes’

Data made available by the Ministry of Drinking Water and sanitation shows that “as of March 2018, there are 3,65,050 Scheduled Tribe dominated habitations in the country, out of which 3,01,858 (82.69%) habitations are fully covered with provision of safe drinking water supply.”

Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tribal habitations fully covered by drinking water supply.

Odisha and Jharkhand follow close after MP.
Odisha and Jharkhand follow close after MP.
(Photo: The Quint)

District-wise data provided by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation shows that over 12 lakh people across 11 districts in Bihar are affected due to high Arsenic content in water. In UP, over 6 lakh are affected.

There is high Arsenic in water in many parts of Bihar.
There is high Arsenic in water in many parts of Bihar.
(Photo: The Quint)

Also Read : In Haryana’s Nuh, Water Continues to Be Just a Pre-Poll Promise

A 2018 report by the Central Ground Water Board estimates a “very high” stage of groundwater development in states like Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan, to imply that more water is used annually than it is created.

More water is consumed in Delhi, Punjab and Haryana than is generated. 
More water is consumed in Delhi, Punjab and Haryana than is generated. 
(Photo: The Quint)

The NITI Aayog report also estimates that 84% of rural households don’t have access to piped water.

Do you have piped water? 
Do you have piped water? 
(Photo: The Quint)

Further, due to water scarcity, at least 600 million people face extreme water stress. Inadequate access to water claims the lives of at least two lakh people each year.

At least two lakh people die each year due to getting access to water.
At least two lakh people die each year due to getting access to water.
(Photo: The Quint)

Also Read : Villagers in Bihar Battle Groundwater Crisis. Is Anyone Listening?

Real-time drought monitoring system DEWS, or Drought Early Warning System, shows that as of 31 May, almost 6% of India’s land area is exceptionally dry, and almost 11% extremely dry.

It’s a dry summer! 
It’s a dry summer! 
(Photo: The Quint)

Through The Quint’s My Report, several citizen journalists have reported on a water crisis in their cities as well. Are you facing it, too? Write to us.

(The Quint is now available on Telegram. For handpicked stories every day, subscribe to us on Telegram)

Follow our My Report section for more stories.

    Also Watch