Image used for representational purposes. 
Image used for representational purposes. (Photo: Reuters)
  • 1. What Are the Categories of Monsoon?
  • 2. Why is the Monsoon Important?
  • 3. How Does the Monsoon Affect Inflation and Central Bank...
  • 4. How Reliable is the Monsoon Forecast?
  • 5. Why is the Monsoon Important for Prime Minister Modi...
Why is the Monsoon So Crucial for India, PM Modi Ahead of 2019?

India’s monsoon rains are likely to be 97 percent of their long-term average in 2018, its meteorological department said on Monday, 16 April, reassuring farmers ahead of summer planting in a country where only half of the farmland is irrigated.

  • 1. What Are the Categories of Monsoon?

    A normal, or average, monsoon means rainfall between 96 percent and 104 percent of a 50-year average of 89 cm (35 inches) in total during the four-month monsoon season from June, according to the India Meteorological Department's (IMD) classification.

    Rainfall below 90 percent of the average would be classified as a drought. During Prime Minister Narendra Modi's first two years in office, in 2014 and 2015, there were consecutive droughts that led to some criticism due to the government's handling of the issue.

    Rainfall above 110 percent of the average would mean an excessive monsoon, which would not be as damaging as a drought but could be potentially harmful for the yields of certain crops.

    The monsoon season starts with rains on the southern Kerala coast around 1 June, covering the whole country by the middle of July.

    Also Read : IMD Forecasts Normal Monsoon for Third Straight Year

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