It is not hard to rule out that India might be heading for a coalition government – again.
It is not hard to rule out that India might be heading for a coalition government – again.(Photo: Harsh Sahani/The Quint)
  • 1. What Is a Coalition and How Is It Formed?
  • 2. Have There Been Any Coalition Govts in India?
  • 3. Has a Coalition Ever Served an Entire Term?
  • 4. Are Coalition Governments Good or Bad for the Country?
  • 5. What If a Coalition Govt is Formed After 2019 Elections?
India Is Set to Return to Coalition Politics: What Does That Mean?

Three key events took place in January 2019. First, the Samajwadi Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party and the Rashtriya Lok Dal announced the formation of a Mahagathbandhan to take on the Narendra Modi-led BJP in India’s most populous state Uttar Pradesh.

Second, several anti-BJP parties led by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee came together for a mega rally in Kolkata’s sprawling Brigade Parade Ground. Third, two opinion polls – one by ABP News and C-Voter and the other by India Today and Karvy – predicted that the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance is falling well short of a majority in the Lok Sabha elections.

These events have opened up a conversation about the possibility of a non-BJP formation getting a majority.

Even though the BJP has mocked the possibility of a Mahagathbandhan forming the government, the results are yet to be seen. And it’s hard to rule out that India could be heading towards a coalition government – again.

To understand the political situation and scope of a coalition better, here’s what you need to know about their formation, functioning and history in India.

  • 1. What Is a Coalition and How Is It Formed?

    A coalition is formed when multiple political parties cooperate, join forces and come together (which can happen prior or post-elections) which reduces the dominance or power of any single political party. A coalition is usually formed:

    • When no single political party is able to secure a working majority in the Parliament
    • There is possibility for a deadlock to be created when two parties are even, in such a situation one of the parties would need an ally to gain majority

    Also Read : Podcast | Jay Panda Hints at Coalition to Face Odisha CM Patnaik

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