Three key events took place in January 2019. First, the Samajwadi Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party and the Rashtriya Lok Dal announced the formation of a Mahagathbandhan to take on the Narendra Modi-led BJP in India’s most populous state Uttar Pradesh.
Second, several anti-BJP parties led by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee came together for a mega rally in Kolkata’s sprawling Brigade Parade Ground. Third, two opinion polls – one by ABP News and C-Voter and the other by India Today and Karvy – predicted that the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance is falling well short of a majority in the Lok Sabha elections.
These events have opened up a conversation about the possibility of a non-BJP formation getting a majority.
Even though the BJP has mocked the possibility of a Mahagathbandhan forming the government, the results are yet to be seen. And it’s hard to rule out that India could be heading towards a coalition government – again.
To understand the political situation and scope of a coalition better, here’s what you need to know about their formation, functioning and history in India.
A coalition is formed when multiple political parties cooperate, join forces and come together (which can happen prior or post-elections) which reduces the dominance or power of any single political party. A coalition is usually formed: