Trafficking of Persons Bill is likely to be tabled in Parliament in the second leg of the Budget session. 
Trafficking of Persons Bill is likely to be tabled in Parliament in the second leg of the Budget session. (Photo: iStock)
  • 1. What Does the Bill Aim to Do?
  • 2. Features of the Bill
  • 3. But Is the Bill as Good as it Seems?
  • 4. Suggested Amendments to the Bill
All You Need to Know About the Trafficking of Persons Bill

The Cabinet has given its nod to the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill that is likely to be introduced in the second leg of the Budget Session.

The Budget Session of Parliament began on 5 March.

The anti-human trafficking Bill aims to solve the massive problem of trafficking, and the move was long overdue in India. According to the Global Slavery Index 2016 published by an Australian rights group, more than 18 million people in India are living in conditions of modern slavery.

According to data of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), more than 8,000 cases of human trafficking were reported in 2016. More than half the victims – 54 percent, to be precise – were trafficked for the purpose of forced labour and sexual exploitation.

Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi, who has worked closely with trafficking victims, called the Bill a historic step by the Union government that will help in “eradicating modern day slavery.”

  • 1. What Does the Bill Aim to Do?

    The Trafficking of Persons Bill aims to look at making India a leader among South Asian nations in combatting human trafficking. It addresses the issue of trafficking from the point of prevention, protection and rehabilitation.

    More importantly, it creates a distinction between the trafficker and the trafficked, ensuring victims are not wrongfully detained.

    The Bill also proposes to provide rehabilitation to the victims and raise the quantum of punishment for the accused from seven years to 10 years. It also proposes to have designated courts in every district for time-bound trials and protecting the trafficked victims at the earliest.

    This law has been in the making for the past two years, and has been piloted by the Women and Child Development Ministry headed by Maneka Gandhi.

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