Has Non-Jat Politics Taken over in the Jat Land of Haryana?
(Note: At 3:19 we erroneously said that Virendra Singh's son Brijendra Singh has lost the election. He has won from Hisar seat with a margin of over 3 lakh votes on a BJP ticket. The error is regretted.)
Haryana. A state where politics is decided in village chaupals, and where a candidate’s fortunes are decided over a few hookahs. The verdict of Haryana is ‘Phir Ek Bar Modi Sarkar’.
A clean sweep. BJP has won 10 out of 10 seats. If you look at it historically, you could call it a miracle.
In 2014, BJP managed to win 7 seats with over 35% vote share which was attributed to the ‘Modi wave’. Riding on that wave, in the 2014 Haryana Assembly polls BJP came to power. But prior to that, BJP had no footprint in the state. Until a few years ago, in Haryana BJP was called a "GT road party" whose vote bank was limited to urban voters in a few districts. So, has the surge of saffron in 2019 Lok Sabha polls decided the verdict of 2019 Haryana Assembly polls?
Also Read : BJP makes a clean-sweep in Rajasthan
Bansi Lal was from the Congress party but Devi and Bhajan Lal were regional parties. Their families have upto four generations of politicians based on their legacy. Until the last elections, parties led by families of Chaudhary Devi Lal and Bhajan Lal staked their claims on the political battlefield. But now, it is evident that not just regional parties but Congress too is fighting for survival.
First, let’s talk about Indian National Lok Dal or INLD. INLD, which was led by Devi Lal’s family, split into two factions in December 2018 after months of differences in the family. The fourth generation of the family, ie, Dushyant and Digvijay Chautala, formed JJP or Jannayak Janata Party. JJP managed to infiltrate the traditional vote bank of the INLD. This ended up hurting both parties. After losing the Jind bypoll, Dushyant Chautala has also lost his own Lok Sabha seat from Hisar.
Now let’s talk about the legacy of Bhajan Lal. He left the Janta Party for the Congress and then left Congress to form his own party, ie, Haryana Janhit Congress and was elected thrice as chief minister. But his son Kuldeep Bishnoi was unable to handle the legacy of his father. He contested the last election in alliance with the BJP and then later merged his entire party with the Congress. This time, Bhajan Lal’s grandson Bhavya Bishnoi contested from the ‘hot seat’ of Hisar on a Congress ticket and suffered a crushing defeat.
Also Read : 67% voting registered in Haryana
Congress Facing Questions About Its Presence
The Congress itself is facing trouble in the state. Two-term chief minister and four-time MP Bhupendra Hooda has been at the core of Haryana Congress. But in this election, both he and his son Deependra Hooda lost their seats. The defeat of these two tall Jat leaders is a story in itself.
What Propelled BJP's Unprecedented Win in Haryana?
Now let’s discuss the factors that led to a BJP win. The first factor was Jat vs non-Jat. The 2016 Jat agitation escalated the politics of Jat vs non-Jat to another level.
The 2016 Jat agitation escalated the politics of Jat vs non-Jat to another level. BJP, often portrayed as a party of businessmen and traders managed to consolidate the votes of non-Jats in their favour. The second factor was the face of PM Modi. Apart from these two, Haryana too faces the issue of dynasty politics like many other states. This time, Devi Lal’s three great-grandsons, Bansi Lal’s granddaughter, Bhajan Lal’s grandson and Bhupendra Hooda’s son were all rejected by the public.