A couple of days ago, a Snapchat video, titled “Sachin vs Lata Civil War”, spread like wildfire. Interestingly, it received responses from everyone except those who were actually ‘ridiculed’. The video showcases comedian Tanmay Bhat using Snapchat’s face-swap feature and the ‘face-swapped’ Bharat Ratna recipients are seen arguing about who is a better cricket player, Virat Kohli or Sachin Tendulkar.
The video received strong criticism from Bollywood and social media users. Shiv Sena leader Neelam Gorhe requested Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis to take action against people with ‘deranged mentality’. This news made it to the prime time of every single media channel as they debated the content and the veracity of the episode.
Does a Case Against Tanmay Hold Ground?
If one were to consider the Law of Torts, this is not a case of defamation, as the statement (as it appears in the video) does not harm the reputation of either Lata Mangeshkar or Sachin Tendulkar, and neither of them have come up with the intention of filing a suit in the first place. So those objecting to the contents of the video need to bring some extremely strong arguments if this reaches the court – which probably won’t as it does not merit a criminal case.
Even if we charge the comedian of public nuisance, which is a non-cognisable offence under the Indian Penal Code, the necessary ingredients of it are not fulfilled and the maximum punishment he can get is a mere fine of Rs 200.
Though it cannot be said that the comedian is right in what he
did, there is no wrong either, subjectively. He could/should have
been sensible while choosing his words, but he has all the right not to do so.
The two sides of the coin have to be respected as this is the only scale
available to weigh the case, especially when no harm has been done to either Sachin or Lata, and nor have they acknowledged
- May 26: 28-year-old comedian and founder of AIB, Tanmay Bhat
posts a Snapchat video on Facebook titled, “Sachin vs Lata Civil War”.
- May 28-29: Bollywood celebs including Anupam Kher, Celina Jaitly
and Riteish Deshmukh criticise Tanmay for taking a dig on national icons.
- May 30: Shiv Sena and BJP demand stringent action against Tanmay
Bhat for mocking Tendulkar and Lata Mangeshkar.
- Raj Thackeray’s MNS files an FIR against Tanmay Bhat, party issues a diktat that the comedian shouldn’t be allowed to perform
- News reports suggest Mumbai’s Cyber Cell division has requested
Google and YouTube to block the video.
Limits of Humour
The present case does not represent an alarming situation, as this is not the first time a comedian has been held accountable for the remarks made under the pretext of comedy. There have been various instances in the past, in India as well as abroad, where comedians/stand-up artists have been subjected to such reactions on statements made by them against those of repute.
The Indian Constitution guarantees freedom of speech and expression, though it is not an absolute right and is curtailed by reasonable restrictions. However, not everything is bound to be offensive and given heed to just because the controversy involves individuals who are high-profile and have strong fan followings. As a country, we need to be more tolerant in our approach and the media needs to be sensible while reporting such matters.
Another Instance of Media Trial
Though the thin line that exists between what is offensive and what is not has never been defined and has always been decided on the merits of each case, it does not mean that every case is to be mandatorily put to test. The media today has a great responsibility to ensure that every individual’s freedom is respected and that a nation’s interests are well guarded.
We need to understand that every case does not necessarily be subjected to a trial by media. The comedian is being hated, shamed and even receiving threats of bodily harm, and these are being highlighted by almost every TV news channel because Bhat may have used not-so-polite sentences which could have been ignored. All he has said is that “it was all in good humour.”
While it’s all a matter of perspective, it also depends on how much damage statements such as Bhat used tend to make. From a legal perspective, no injury seems to have been caused to the reputation and stature of our esteemed Bharat Ratna awardees.
(The writer is a lawyer and partner, TMT Law Practice)