India in Talks to Buy US Predator Drones, Has Eye on China, Pak

India’s air force has also asked Washington about acquiring around 100 armed Predator C Avenger aircraft.

Published
India
3 min read
Representational image for Predator surveillance drones (Photo Courtesy: <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Atomics_MQ-1_Predator">Wikimedia</a>)
Snapshot

Predator Drones

  • India wants to acquire US surveillance drones.
  • May be a step towards getting armed version.
  • Pakistan likely to view development with concern.
  • Progress in talks comes ahead of Ash Carter visit to India.

India is in talks with the United States to purchase 40 Predator surveillance drones, officials said, a possible first step towards acquiring the armed version of the aircraft and a development likely to annoy Pakistan.

India is trying to equip the military with more unmanned technologies to gather intelligence as well as boost its firepower along the vast land borders with Pakistan and China. It also wants a closer eye on the Indian Ocean.

New Delhi has already acquired surveillance drones from Israel to monitor the mountains of Kashmir, a region disputed by the nuclear-armed South Asian rivals and the cause of two of their three wars.

As defence ties deepen with the United States, which sees India as a counterweight to China in the region, New Delhi has asked Washington for the Predator series of unmanned planes built by privately-held General Atomics, military officials said.

“We are aware of Predator interest from the Indian Navy. However, it is a government-to-government discussion,” Vivek Lall, chief executive of US and International Strategic Development at San Diego-based General Atomics, told Reuters.

The US government late last year cleared General Atomics’ proposal to market the unarmed Predator XP in India. It was not clear when the delivery of the drones would take place.

An RQ-1 Predator unmanned aerial vehicle from the 432nd Wing out of Creech Air Force Base, Nev., takes off from Aeropuerto Rafael Hernandez outside Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, Jan. 28, 2010. (Photo:<a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/39955793@N07/4312154623/"> defense.gov</a>)
An RQ-1 Predator unmanned aerial vehicle from the 432nd Wing out of Creech Air Force Base, Nev., takes off from Aeropuerto Rafael Hernandez outside Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, Jan. 28, 2010. (Photo: defense.gov)

The navy wants them for surveillance in the Indian Ocean, where the pilotless aircraft can remain airborne for 35 hours at a stretch, at a time when the Chinese navy is expanding ship and submarine patrols in the region.

Moves by India to enhance its defence capabilities have in the past provoked sharp reactions from Islamabad, where the government and military are worried about falling further behind their bigger rival in the arms race.

Pakistan‘s foreign ministry could not be reached for comment on Friday, the start of the weekend there, while the military had no immediate comment.

Carter Visit

India’s air force has also asked Washington about acquiring around 100 armed Predator C Avenger aircraft, which the United States has used to carry out strikes against Islamist militants inPakistan‘s northwest and neighbouring Afghanistan.

But it would need clearance from the Missile Technology Control Regime group of 34 nations as well as approval from US Congress before any transfer of lethal Predators could happen, officials said.

The push for the drones comes as US Defense Secretary Ash Carter heads to India this weekend for talks to cement military collaboration in the final months of the Obama administration.

Indian military officials said they expected the request for the armed aircraft to figure in Carter’s talks with Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.

Washington wants India to sign a set of agreements including on the use of each other’s military bases that would help them operate together.

US Air Force Lt Col Morgan Curry briefs Deputy Secretary of Defense William J Lynn III on the capabilities of a Predator unmanned aerial vehicle at Kandahar Air Field, Afghanistan, Sept. 10, 2009. (Photo Courtesy: <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/39955793@N07/3910234448/">defense.gov</a>)
US Air Force Lt Col Morgan Curry briefs Deputy Secretary of Defense William J Lynn III on the capabilities of a Predator unmanned aerial vehicle at Kandahar Air Field, Afghanistan, Sept. 10, 2009. (Photo Courtesy: defense.gov)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government has signalled its willingness to move forward with the proposed pacts after the previous administration did not act for more than a decade.

The proposed acquisition of armed Predators would give the military the ability to carry out cross-border strikes, or even attack targets lying deeper inside a neighbouring country. But at the end of the day, it’s a political decision. It’s one thing to lob artillery shells, its another to use air power, that’s an escalation.
Manmohan Bahadur, Retired Air Vice Marshal 

India has not moved against Pakistan militarily despite blaming militant groups based there for orchestrating attacks on its soil including one on Mumbai in 2008, in part out of fear it would spiral into a broader conflict.

But a drone strike might be a less risky option, experts said.

(The Quint is available on Telegram. For handpicked stories every day, subscribe to us on Telegram)

Stay Updated

Subscribe To Our Daily Newsletter And Get News Delivered Straight To Your Inbox.

Join over 120,000 subscribers!