Remembering our first PM on His 126th Birth Anniversary
November 14, also celebrated as Children’s Day, marks the 126th birth anniversary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and the Congress, dominated Indian politics during the 1930s as the country moved towards independence. His idea of a secular nation-state was seemingly validated when the Congress, under his leadership, formed the government in several provinces.
But these achievements were seriously compromised in the aftermath of the1942 Quit India Movement, which saw the British effectively crush the Congress as a political organisation. Nehru came out of a lengthy prison term to a much altered political landscape. The Muslim League under his old Congress colleague and now bête noire, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, had come to dominate Muslim politics in India. Negotiations between Nehru and Jinnah for power sharing failed and gave way to independence and partition in 1947.
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