How Does HIV Really Spread? Direct Cell-to-Cell Contact Says Study

How Does HIV Really Spread? Direct Cell-to-Cell Contact Says Study

2 min read
A recent study has revealed the link between HIV and its spread in the human body.

(World AIDS Day is observed on December 1st every year. With more than 21 million patients, India has the third-highest burden of the disease after South Africa and Nigeria. FIT is reposting this story in that light.)

After over three decades of research, we still don’t understand nearly enough about the AIDS causing pathogen, HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus. But a recent study has innovated the research process and presented a new understanding of the link between HIV and its spread in the human body.

ANI reported that a recent study in the journal Nature Communications disrupted the typical way HIV research is conducted, that is, in a test tube or a two-dimensional environment.

Instead, by using innovative cell culture systems, quantitative image analysis, and computer simulation, the study aimed to mimic the environment inside the three-dimensional, complex human body which is the site where HIV spreads.

The results of this approach revealed that the tissue structure powers the virus to spread through direct cell-to-cell contact.

Inter-Disciplinary Approach Used to Further Understand HIV

To conduct this experiment, colleagues from different fields like image processing, theoretical biophysics and mathematical modelling collaborated with scientists.

The findings also revealed that the 3D environment of the cell actually suppresses infections with a cell-free virus, and yet also enabled direct cell to cell virus transmissions.

The researchers believe that these new findings will pave the way for better HIV treatment.

(This story was auto-published from a syndicated feed. No part of the story has been edited by The Quint.)

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